Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 903208, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/903208
Research Article

Upconversion luminescence and Visible-Infrared Properties of β-NaLuF4:Er3+ Microcrystals Synthesized by the Surfactant-Assisted Hydrothermal Method

1College of Science, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 211106, China
2School of Electronic Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210046, China

Received 21 February 2014; Revised 20 May 2014; Accepted 22 May 2014; Published 18 June 2014

Academic Editor: Alireza Talebitaher

Copyright © 2014 Han Lin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H.-X. Mai, Y.-W. Zhang, R. Si et al., “High-quality sodium rare-earth fluoride nanocrystals: controlled synthesis and optical properties,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 128, no. 19, pp. 6426–6436, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J.-C. Boyer, F. Vetrone, L. A. Cuccia, and J. A. Capobianco, “Synthesis of colloidal upconverting NaYF4 nanocrystals doped with Er3+, Yb3+ and Tm3+, Yb3+ via thermal decomposition of lanthanide trifluoroacetate precursors,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 128, no. 23, pp. 7444–7445, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. C. Li, Z. Quan, J. Yang, P. Yang, and J. Lin, “Highly uniform and monodisperse β-NaYF4:Ln3+ (Ln = Eu, Tb, Yb/Er, and Yb/Tm) hexagonal microprism crystals: hydrothermal synthesis and luminescent properties,” Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 46, no. 16, pp. 6329–6337, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Y. Liu, D. Tu, H. Zhu, R. Li, W. Luo, and X. Chen, “A strategy to achieve efficient dual-mode luminescence of Eu3+ in lanthanides doped multifunctional NaGdF4 nanocrystals,” Advanced Materials, vol. 22, no. 30, pp. 3266–3271, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Karbowiak, A. Mech, A. Bednarkiewicz, W. Strȩk, and L. Kȩpiński, “Comparison of different NaGdF4:Eu3+ synthesis routes and their influence on its structural and luminescent properties,” Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, vol. 66, no. 6, pp. 1008–1019, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. L. Wang, M. Lan, Z. Liu et al., “Enhanced deep-ultraviolet upconversion emission of Gd3+ sensitized by Yb3+ and Ho3+ in β-NaLuF4 microcrystals under 980 nm excitation,” Journal of Materials Chemistry C, vol. 1, no. 13, pp. 2485–2490, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. F. Wang and X. Liu, “Recent advances in the chemistry of lanthanide-doped upconversion nanocrystals,” Chemical Society Reviews, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 976–989, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. G. S. He, L.-S. Tan, Q. Zheng, and P. N. Prasad, “Multiphoton absorbing materials: molecular designs, characterizations, and applications,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 108, no. 4, pp. 1245–1330, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Zhou, Z. Liu, and F. Li, “Upconversion nanophosphors for small-animal imaging,” Chemical Society Reviews, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 1323–1349, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. D. K. Chatterjee, A. J. Rufaihah, and Y. Zhang, “Upconversion fluorescence imaging of cells and small animals using lanthanide doped nanocrystals,” Biomaterials, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 937–943, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. F. Shi, J. Wang, X. Zhai, D. Zhao, and W. Qin, “Facile synthesis of β-NaLuF4:Yb/Tm hexagonal nanoplates with intense ultraviolet upconversion luminescence,” CrystEngComm, vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 3782–3787, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Zeng, J. Xiao, Q. Yang, and J. Hao, “Bi-functional NaLuF4:Gd3+/Yb3+/Tm3+ nanocrystals: structure controlled synthesis, near-infrared upconversion emission and tunable magnetic properties,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 22, no. 19, pp. 9870–9874, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. F. He, N. Niu, Z. Zhang et al., “Morphology-controllable synthesis and enhanced luminescence properties of β-NaLuF4:Ln (Ln = Eu, Tb and Ce/Tb) microcrystals by solvothermal process,” RSC Advances, vol. 2, no. 19, pp. 7569–7577, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. N. Niu, F. He, S. Huang, S. Gai, X. Zhang, and P. Yang, “Hierarchical bundles structure of β-NaLuF4: facile synthesis, shape evolution, and luminescent properties,” RSC Advances, vol. 2, no. 27, pp. 10337–10344, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. Li, Z. Quan, P. Yang, S. Huang, H. Lian, and J. Lin, “Shape-controllable synthesis and upconversion properties of lutetium fluoride (doped with Yb3+/Er3+) microcrystals by hydrothermal process,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 112, no. 35, pp. 13395–13404, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. Q. Liu, Y. Sun, T. Yang, W. Feng, C. Li, and F. Li, “Sub-10 nm hexagonal lanthanide-doped NaLuF4 upconversion nanocrystals for sensitive bioimaging in vivo,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 133, no. 43, pp. 17122–17125, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Ivanova and F. Pellé, “Strong 1.53 μm to NIR-VIS-UV upconversion in Er-doped fluoride glass for high-efficiency solar cells,” Journal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 1930–1938, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. Trupke, A. Shalav, B. S. Richards, P. Würfel, and M. A. Green, “Efficiency enhancement of solar cells by luminescent up-conversion of sunlight,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 90, no. 18-19, pp. 3327–3338, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Fischer, J. C. Goldschmidt, P. Löper et al., “Enhancement of silicon solar cell efficiency by upconversion: optical and electrical characterization,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 108, no. 4, Article ID 044912, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. X. Wang and X. Yan, “Ultraviolet and infrared photon-excited synergistic effect in Er3+-doped YbF3 phosphors,” Optics Letters, vol. 36, no. 22, pp. 4353–4355, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. K. Zheng, D. Zhao, D. Zhang, N. Liu, and W. Qin, “Ultraviolet upconversion fluorescence of Er3+ induced by 1560 nm laser excitation,” Optics Letters, vol. 35, no. 14, pp. 2442–2444, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. Zheng, Y. Zhou, D. Yin, X. Xu, Y. Qi, and S. Peng, “Improvement of 1.53 μm band fluorescence and energy transfer in Er3+/Ce3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 566, pp. 90–97, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. K. Maheshvaran, S. Arunkumar, V. Sudarsan, V. Natarajan, and K. Marimuthu, “Structural and luminescence studies on Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped boro-tellurite glasses,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 561, pp. 142–150, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. R. Dahal, C. Ugolini, J. Y. Lin, H. X. Jiang, and J. M. Zavada, “Current-injected 1.54 μm light emitting diodes based on erbium-doped GaN,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 93, no. 3, Article ID 033502, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. G. D. Webler, M. J. M. Zapata, G. S. Maciel et al., “Influence of impurities on the luminescence of Er3+ doped BaTiO3 nanophosphors,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2014, Article ID 708719, 9 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. S. Shionoya, W. M. Yen, and T. Hase, Phosphor Handbook, CRC Press, New York, NY, USA, 2007.
  27. Z. Q. Li and Y. Zhang, “Monodisperse silica-coated Polyvinylpyrrolidone/NaYF4 nanocrystals with multicolor upconversion fluorescence emission,” Angewandte Chemie, vol. 118, no. 46, pp. 7896–7899, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  28. L. S. Cavalcante, J. C. Sczancoski, M. Siu Li, E. Longo, and J. A. Varela, “β-ZnMoO4 microcrystals synthesized by the surfactant-assisted hydrothermal method: growth process and photoluminescence properties,” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 396, pp. 346–351, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. C. Huang, Coordination Chemistry of Rare Earth Elements, Science Publishing Press, Beijing, China, 1997.
  30. M. Pollnau, D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Lüthi, H. U. Güdel, and M. P. Hehlen, “Power dependence of upconversion luminescence in lanthanide and transition-metal-ion systems,” Physical Review B—Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol. 61, no. 5, pp. 3337–3346, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. C. Tan, L. Al-Baroudi, and R. E. Riman, “Surfactant effects on efficiency enhancement of infrared-to-visible upconversion emissions of NaYF4:Yb-Er,” ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 3910–3915, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. J. M. F. Van Dijk and M. F. H. Schuurmans, “On the nonradiative and radiative decay rates and a modified exponential energy gap law for 4f-4f transitions in rare-earth ions,” The Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 78, no. 9, pp. 5317–5323, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus