Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015, Article ID 104930, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/104930
Research Article

Microstructure Control of Columnar-Grained Silicon Substrate Solidified from Silicon Melts Using Gas Pressure

1Advanced Materials and Devices Laboratory, Korea Institute of Energy Research, Daejeon 305-343, Republic of Korea
2Graduate School of Energy Science and Technology, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764, Republic of Korea

Received 17 April 2015; Revised 24 August 2015; Accepted 25 August 2015

Academic Editor: Stefano Bellucci

Copyright © 2015 Jun-Kyu Lee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. H. Lee, C. K. Rhee, and K. S. Lim, “A study on the fabrication of polycrystalline Si wafer by direct casting for solar cell substrate,” Solar Energy, vol. 80, no. 2, pp. 220–225, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. E. Menard, K. J. Lee, D.-Y. Khang, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “A printable form of silicon for high performance thin film transistors on plastic substrates,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 84, no. 26, pp. 5398–5400, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. G. G. Dongre, C. Vesvikar, R. K. Singh, and S. S. Joshi, “Efficient dicing of silicon ingots for photovoltaic applications,” in Proceedings of the 35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC '10), pp. 3629–3634, IEEE, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, June 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. Suzuki, I. Hide, T. Yokoyama, T. Matsuyama, Y. Hatanaka, and Y. Maeda, “Growth of polycrystalline silicon sheet by Hoxan cast ribbon process,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 104, no. 1, pp. 102–107, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. P. Kalejs, B. H. Mackintosh, and T. Surek, “High speed EFG of wide silicon ribbon,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 175–192, 1980. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. R. L. Wallace, J. I. Hanoka, A. Rohatgi, and G. Crotty, “Thin silicon string ribbon,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 48, no. 1–4, pp. 179–186, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. I. Hanoka, “Overview of silicon ribbon growth technology,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 231–237, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. Lange and I. A. Schwirtlich, “Ribbon Growth on Substrate (RGS)—a new approach to high speed growth of silicon ribbons for photovoltaics,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 104, no. 1, pp. 108–112, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. N. Mohammad, M. A. Sobhan, and S. Qutubuddin, “The influence of grain boundaries on the performance efficiency of polycrystalline gallium arsenide solar cells,” Solid State Electronics, vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 827–834, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. ASTM E112-12, Standard Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, Pa, USA, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. Z. Zhou, S. Mukherjee, and W.-K. Rhim, “Measurement of thermophysical properties of molten silicon using an upgraded electrostatic levitator,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 257, no. 3-4, pp. 350–358, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. G. Mauk, “Silicon solar cells: physical metallurgy principles,” JOM, vol. 55, no. 5, pp. 38–42, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. L. H. Skolnik, W. P. Allred, and W. G. Spitzer, “An infrared localized vibrational mode technique for measuring segregation coefficients,” Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 1–14, 1971. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. T. F. Ciszek, “Maximum growth rates for meltgrown ribbonshaped crystals,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 47, no. 2, article 440, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. J. P. Kalejs, “Point defect, carbon and oxygen complexing in polycrystalline silicon,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 128, no. 1–4, pp. 298–303, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Gülhan, “Measurement techniques for high enthalpy and plasma flows,” Tech. Rep. 9A-1-9A-17, RTO EN-8, The NATO Science and Technology Organization, Brussels, Belgium, 1999. View at Google Scholar