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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 243925, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/243925
Research Article

Synthesis of Boron Nanowires, Nanotubes, and Nanosheets

1Materials Science and Engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
2Laboratory for Multiscale Imaging, Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, NJ 07030, USA
3Department of Chemistry and Environmental Science, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102, USA

Received 6 November 2014; Revised 17 December 2014; Accepted 17 December 2014

Academic Editor: Santanu K. Maiti

Copyright © 2015 Rajen B. Patel et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The synthesis of boron nanowires, nanotubes, and nanosheets using a thermal vapor deposition process is reported. This work confirms previous research and provides a new method capable of synthesizing boron nanomaterials. The materials were made by using various combinations of MgB2, Mg(BH4)2, MCM-41, NiB, and Fe wire. Unlike previously reported methods, a nanoparticle catalyst and a silicate substrate are not required for synthesis. Two types of boron nanowires, boron nanotubes, and boron nanosheets were made. Their morphology and chemical composition were determined through the use of scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and electron energy loss spectroscopy. These boron-based materials have potential for electronic and hydrogen storage applications.