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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015, Article ID 395483, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/395483
Research Article

Synthesis of Monodisperse Walnut-Like SnO2 Spheres and Their Photocatalytic Performances

1State Key Laboratory of Solidification Processing, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
2School of Science, Xi’an Polytechnic University, Xi’an 710048, China

Received 26 May 2015; Revised 27 August 2015; Accepted 7 September 2015

Academic Editor: Pantaleo D. Cozzoli

Copyright © 2015 Jing Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Novel walnut-like SnO2 spheres have been synthesized using a one-step hydrothermal reaction with SnCl2·2H2O and KOH as raw materials. The morphology, microstructure, and optical properties of the products were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Raman spectrum, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), selected area electron diffraction (SAED), and ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) absorption spectroscopy. The detailed studies revealed that these synthesized spheres are highly monodisperse and have a uniform size of approximately 250 nm. Photocatalytic activity of the prepared SnO2 spheres was evaluated by the degradation of methylene orange. The synthesized SnO2 spheres exhibited excellent photocatalytic degradation. In addition, a possible formation mechanism of the walnut-like nanostructures was proposed based on reaction time-dependent experiments.