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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 416012, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/416012
Research Article

Functionalized Magnetic Nanoparticles and Their Effect on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus

1Institute for Nanomaterials, Advanced Technologies and Innovation, Technical University of Liberec, Studentská 2, 461 17 Liberec, Czech Republic
2Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, 1 Ahmed El-Zomor Street, El Zohour Region, Nasr city, Cairo 11727, Egypt

Received 8 December 2014; Accepted 1 March 2015

Academic Editor: Piaoping Yang

Copyright © 2015 Mohamed S. A. Darwish et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles were prepared using coprecipitation and subsequently surface-functionalized with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTS), polyethylene glycol (PEG), and tetraethoxysilane (TEOS). Nanoparticle morphology was characterized using scanning electron microscopy, while structure and stability were assessed through infrared spectroscopy and zeta potential, respectively. Average size of the nanoparticles analysed by dynamic light scattering was 89 nm, 123 nm, 109 nm, and 130 nm for unmodified magnetite and APTS-, PEG-, and TEOS-modified magnetite nanoparticles, respectively. Biological effect was studied on two bacterial strains: Gram-negative Escherichia coli CCM 3954 and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus CCM 3953. Most of modified magnetite nanoparticles had a significant effect on S. aureus and not on E. coli, whereas PEG-magnetite nanoparticles displayed no significant effect on the growth rate of either bacteria.