Table 1: Comparison of different methods for detection of Salmonella.

NanomaterialMethodLinear rangeLODReference

MNP antibodySelective filtration2 × 101–2 × 104 cells2 × 101 cells[10]

MNP antibodyFluorescence spectrometry101–107 CFU/mL10 CFU/mL[11]

MNP antibody
TiO2 antibody
Absorption spectroscopy102–108 CFU/mL100 CFU/mL[8]

MNP antibodyPCR101–107 CFU/mL103 CFU/mL[5]