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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015, Article ID 703632, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/703632
Research Article

Comparison of Oxidative Stresses Mediated by Different Crystalline Forms and Surface Modification of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles

1Cell-Material Interaction Group, Biomaterial Unit, Nano-Bio Field, Interaction Center for Material Nanoarchitectonics (MANA), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Ibaraki 305-0044, Japan
2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
3Biotechnology Group, TOTO Ltd. Research Institute, Honson 2-8-1, Chigasaki, Kanagawa 253-8577, Japan
4Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan

Received 5 February 2015; Accepted 30 March 2015

Academic Editor: Dongwoo Khang

Copyright © 2015 Karim Samy El-Said et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) are manufactured worldwide for use in a wide range of applications. There are two common crystalline forms of TiO2 anatase and rutile with different physical and chemical characteristics. We previously demonstrated that an increased DNA damage response is mediated by anatase crystalline form compared to rutile. In the present study, we conjugated TiO2 NPs with polyethylene glycol (PEG) in order to reduce the genotoxicity and we evaluated some oxidative stress parameters to obtain information on the cellular mechanisms of DNA damage that operate in response to TiO2 NPs different crystalline forms exposure in hepatocarcinoma cell lines (HepG2). Our results indicated a significant increase in oxidative stress mediated by the anatase form of TiO2 NPs compared to rutile form. On the other hand, PEG modified TiO2 NPs showed a significant decrease in oxidative stress as compared to TiO2 NPs. These data suggested that the genotoxic potential of TiO2 NPs varies with crystalline form and surface modification.