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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015, Article ID 835604, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/835604
Research Article

Investigations into the Biocompatibility of Nanohydroxyapatite Coated Magnetic Nanoparticles under Magnetic Situation

1Key Laboratory for Biomechanics and Mechanobiology of Ministry of Education, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
22nd Dental Center, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing 100081, China
3Department of Geriatric Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing 100081, China

Received 13 November 2014; Revised 30 December 2014; Accepted 30 December 2014

Academic Editor: Shuming Zhang

Copyright © 2015 Qing Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Regenerative medicine consisting of cells and materials offers a new approach for repairing and regenerating the organs and tissues. More and more researches focused on the magnetic nanobiomaterials due to its superior advantages to traditional materials. However, the toxicity of nanosized magnetic particles cannot be ignored, especially under the magnetic situation. This study aims to study the biocompatibility of nanohydroxyapatite (n-HA-) coated magnetic nanoparticles under the magnetic situation. n-HA-coated magnetic nanoparticles were fabricated through an ultrasound-assisted coprecipitation method. Subsequently, these materials were analyzed by transmission electron microscope (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) and then were cultured with mesenchyme stem cells derived from human bone marrow (hMSC-BM). In vitro experiment proved the satisfactory biocompatibility of n-HA-coated magnetic nanoparticles. These important factors (ALP, OCN, and OPN) influence the osteogenic differentiation of hMSC-BM. It was found that the hMSC-BM with combination of n-HA/Fe3O4 and magnetic stimulation presented higher degree of osteoblast-related markers than that in each alone. This research demonstrated that a novel nanohydroxyapatite coated magnetic nanoparticle is safe under the magnetic situation. Therefore, these n-HA-coated magnetic nanoparticles are promising biomagnetic materials for future applications.