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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2015, Article ID 913254, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/913254
Research Article

Preparation and Characterization of Paclitaxel Loaded SF/PLLA-PEG-PLLA Nanoparticles via Solution-Enhanced Dispersion by Supercritical CO2

Zheng Zhao,1,2,3 Yi Li,2 and Yu Zhang4

1State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
2Institute of Textiles and Clothing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong
3Biomedical Materials and Engineering Research Center of Hubei Province, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
4Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong

Received 10 March 2015; Revised 31 May 2015; Accepted 17 June 2015

Academic Editor: Mircea Chipara

Copyright © 2015 Zheng Zhao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Paclitaxel loaded silk fibroin/PLLA-PEG-PLLA (PTX-SF/PLLA-PEG-PLLA) nanoparticles with a mean particle size of about 651 nm were fabricated successfully by the SEDS process. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy analysis indicated that the PTX was encapsulated by SF/PLLA-PEG-PLLA nanoparticles. X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) analysis supported the results of FTIR analysis and also suggested that the crystalline state of PTX was decreased obviously. Furthermore, the UV-Vis/HPLC analysis showed that drug load (DL) and encapsulation efficiency (EE) were 18.1% and 90.2%, respectively. The in vitro drug release experiment suggested that the PTX-SF/PLLA-PEG-PLLA nanoparticles exhibited a sustained release and only 16.1% and 24.5% of paclitaxel were released at pH 7.4 and 6.0, respectively, in one week. The PTX-SF/PLLA-PEG-PLLA nanoparticles drug delivery system with pH-dependent release property has potential application in the field of tumor therapy.