Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2016, Article ID 3291719, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3291719
Research Article

Influence of the Copper-Containing SBA-15 Silica Fillers on the Mechanical Properties of High Density Polyethylene

1Institute of Mechanical Technologies, Czestochowa University of Technology, Al. Armii Krajowej 21, 42-201 Czestochowa, Poland
2Institute of Computational Intelligence, Unit of Microelectronics and Nanotechnology, Czestochowa University of Technology, Al. Armii Krajowej 36, 42-201 Czestochowa, Poland

Received 5 January 2016; Revised 18 April 2016; Accepted 21 April 2016

Academic Editor: Pushpendra Kumar

Copyright © 2016 Adam Gnatowski et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The paper concerns the mechanical properties of the high density polyethylene (HDPE) with the copper-containing SBA-15 silica filler. The considered filler is the SBA-15 mesoporous silica containing copper ions bounded inside channels via propyl-phosphonate anchoring groups. With its help, we can impart the biocidal properties to this plastic. Research covered mechanical properties, thermal analysis, colour, shine, and nanomolecular structure. Dynamical properties of the samples like modulus changes and mechanical core loss angle tangent versus temperature and vibration frequency were tested using DMTA method. Level of crystallinity was tested using DSC method while their structure was observed with going through light by optical microscope. Hardness and toughness of obtained samples were also defined. Colour and shine changes of the samples were observed for PE-HD with filler contents 0.5% and 1%. Modulus value changes versus temperature and frequency were notified for the samples with modifier. There were no differences in modulus changes versus temperature for samples with and without filler and frequencies 1 and 10 Hz. It was detected that melting enthalpy of the samples with the modifier decreases. Moreover, some influence of the samples with filler on colour and shine was observed.