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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2016, Article ID 3982572, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3982572
Research Article

Dielectric Properties of Paper Made from Pulps Loaded with Ferroelectric Particles

1Macromolecular and Bioorganic Chemistry Laboratory, Faculty of Science and Technology, Cadi Ayyad University, Abdelkrim El Khattabi Avenue, P.O. Box 549, 40 000 Marrakesh, Morocco
2Lignocellulosic Materials Research Center, Québec University at Trois-Rivières, 3351 Forges Boulevard P.C. 500, Trois-Rivières, QC, Canada G9A 5H7

Received 5 January 2016; Revised 2 March 2016; Accepted 11 April 2016

Academic Editor: Victor M. Castaño

Copyright © 2016 Hind El Omari et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Due to its physical properties and its ease of manufacture, paper is widely used in various engineering applications such as electrical insulation materials for components in high voltage technology. In this study, paper loaded with ferroelectric nanoparticles (BaTiO3 and SrTiO3) was made with fibers obtained from plants growing on the Moroccan soil [Halfa (Stipa tenacissima), Agave (Agave americana), Pennisetum (Pennisetum alopecuroides), Typha (Typha latifolia), and Junc (Juncus effusus)] and two commercial pulps (bleached softwood Kraft and newsprint grade thermomechanical pulps). A retention aid, cation polyacrylamide (Percol 292), was necessary to retain ferroelectric particles in the fibrous network and improve the dispersion of strontium titanate particles. The different pulp and handsheets used were characterized according to standard methods (Pulp and Paper Technical Association of Canada, PAPTAC). It is well known that annual and perennial plants contain high percentages of fines (length < 0.2 mm) and short fibers. The results show that there is a strong interdependence between the dielectric properties of the loaded paper and surface finish, porosity, dispersion level of ceramic particles, fines content, shape, conformability, and sheet formation. The single dielectric relaxation detected towards low frequencies is attributed to hydroxyl groups present on fiber surfaces, in ceramic particles and adsorbed water.