Journal of Nanomaterials / 2016 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Facile Solution Route to Synthesize Nanostructure Li4Ti5O12 for High Rate Li-Ion Battery

Table 1

Summarizing different synthetic methods of nanoscale/nanostructure Li4Ti5O12 reported in the literature.

MethodsTemperatureScaleMorphologySpecific capacityRef

Sol-gel + pyrolysis step25°C; 800°CNanoparticles, 5–400 nmVersatile morphologies142 mAh/g (C/10)
126 mAh/g (0.2C)
[14]
Hydrothermal/
+ pyrolysis
400°C (300 bar)
700°C (24 h)
Nanoparticles,
150–200 nm
Versatile morphologies140 mAh/g (10C)[16]
Solvothermal + pyrolysis235°C (16 h)
500°C (3 h)
Nanoparticles,
10–20 nm
Versatile morphologies154 mAh/g (C/10)[17]
Two-step process
in solution
120°C (2 h)
120°C in 10 M NaOH
1D structure, tube, 6–11 nmNanotube156 mAh/g (C/10)
145 mAh/g (2C)
[18]
Hydrothermal in 10 M NaOH180°C
500–800°C
1D structure, tube, 6–11 nmNanorod147.5 mAh/g (2.5C)[29]
Solvothermal in Li(OH)·H2O180°C
500–800°C
1D structure, tube, 130 nm in diameterNanowire128 mAh/g (10C)[30]

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