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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 5140219, 13 pages
Research Article

Preparation of Lanthanum Oxide and Lanthanum Oxycarbonate Layers on Titanium by Electrodeposition with Organic Solution

Department of Chemistry, Hallym University, 1 Hallymdaehak-gil, Chuncheon 24252, Republic of Korea

Received 25 March 2016; Accepted 4 July 2016

Academic Editor: Lihong Jing

Copyright © 2016 Jeonghee Choi and Yong Hee Chung. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Layers of lanthanum oxide and lanthanum oxycarbonate were prepared on titanium by electrodeposition with organic solution. Four voltages ranging from 200 to 1000 V were applied for the electrodeposition at three concentrations of lanthanum ions. The organic solution was isobutanol and titanium foils were used as anodes and cathodes. Currents were monitored during the electrodeposition. Deposition layers were calcined at 700 K for 30 min or at 900 K for 60 and 200 min. The morphology and composition of the deposition layers were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Calcined deposition layers were assayed to be lanthanum oxycarbonate and lanthanum oxide. The average crystallite size was in the vicinity of 8 nm. Sizes of lanthanum oxycarbonate agglomerates in layers with 30 min electrodeposition and calcination at 700 K were ranging from 25 to 75 nm. Yields of lanthanum oxycarbonate at three concentrations of lanthanum ions were shown to be better at 400 V.