Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2016, Article ID 5348471, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5348471
Research Article

Structure-Dependent Mechanical Properties of ALD-Grown Nanocrystalline BiFeO3 Multiferroics

1Nordic Hysitron Laboratory, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Aalto University, 00076 Espoo, Finland
2A. Chelkowski Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, Uniwersytecka 4, 40-007 Katowice, Poland
3Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 43, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
4Institute of Material Sciences, University of Silesia, 75 Pulku Piechoty 1A, 41-500 Chorzow, Poland
5Department of Chemistry, Laboratory of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 55, 00014 Helsinki, Finland

Received 17 February 2016; Accepted 5 April 2016

Academic Editor: Jeffrey Elam

Copyright © 2016 Anna Majtyka et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Fiebig, Th. Lottermoser, D. Fröhlich, A. V. Goltsev, and R. V. Pisarev, “Observation of coupled magnetic and electric domains,” Nature, vol. 419, no. 6909, pp. 818–820, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Y. Chu, L. W. Martin, M. B. Holcomb et al., “Electric-field control of local ferromagnetism using a magnetoelectric multiferroic,” Nature Materials, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 478–482, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. S. Boyn, S. Girod, V. Garcia et al., “High-performance ferroelectric memory based on fully patterned tunnel junctions,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 104, no. 5, Article ID 052909, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. N. A. Spaldin and M. Fiebig, “The renaissance of magnetoelectric multiferroics,” Science, vol. 309, no. 5733, pp. 391–392, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. K.-Y. Yun, D. Ricinschi, M. Noda, M. Okuyama, and S. Nasu, “Ferroelectric and magnetic properties of multiferroic BiFeO3 thin films prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” Journal of the Korean Physical Society, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 281–284, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. Y. Yang, F. Zavaliche, L. Mohaddes-Ardabili et al., “Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of lead-free ferroelectric BiFeO3 films for memory applications,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 87, Article ID 102903, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S.-R. Jian, H. W. Chang, Y. C. Tseng, P. H. Chen, and J. Y. Juang, “Structural and nanomechanical properties of BiFeO3 thin films deposited by radio frequency magnetron sputtering,” Nanoscale Research Letters, vol. 8, article 297, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. P. Sen, A. Dey, A. K. Mukhopadhyay, S. K. Bandyopadhyay, and A. K. Himanshu, “Nanoindentation behaviour of nano BiFeO3,” Ceramics International, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 1347–1352, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Rousset, “Specific electrical, magnetic, and magneto-optical properties of materials manufactured by ‘chimie douce’,” Solid State Ionics, vol. 84, no. 3-4, pp. 293–301, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. V. Miikkulainen, M. Ritala, M. Zeskelä, and R. L. Puurunen, “Crystallinity of inorganic films grown by atomic layer deposition: overview and general trends,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 113, no. 2, Article ID 021301, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. P. Jalkanen, V. Tuboltsev, B. Marchand et al., “Magnetic properties of polycrystalline bismuth ferrite thin films grown by atomic layer deposition,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 5, no. 24, pp. 4319–4323, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. G. Catalan and J. F. Scott, “Physics and applications of bismuth ferrite,” Advanced Materials, vol. 21, no. 24, pp. 2463–2485, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. R. Akbashev, G. Chen, and J. E. Spanier, “A facile route for producing single-crystalline epitaxial perovskite oxide thin films,” Nano Letters, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 44–49, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. N. Domingo, J. Narvaez, M. Alexe, and G. Catalan, “Local properties of the surface layer(s) of BiFeO3 single crystals,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 113, Article ID 187220, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. Chrobak, K.-H. Kim, K. J. Kurzydłowski, and R. Nowak, “Nanoindentation experiments with different loading rate distinguish the mechanism of incipient plasticity,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 103, no. 7, Article ID 072101, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. Nowak, D. Chrobak, S. Nagao et al., “An electric current spike linked to nanoscale plasticity,” Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 287–291, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. L. Kelchner, S. J. Plimpton, and J. C. Hamilton, “Dislocation nucleation and defect structure during surface indentation,” Physical Review B, vol. 58, no. 17, pp. 11085–11088, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. F. Bai, J. Wang, M. Wuttig et al., “Destruction of spin cycloid in (111)c -oriented BiFeO3 thin films by epitiaxial constraint: enhanced polarization and release of latent magnetization,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 86, Article ID 032511, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. H. Dong, C. Chen, S. Wang, W. Duan, and J. Li, “Elastic properties of tetragonal BiFeO3 from first-principles calculations,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 102, no. 18, Article ID 182905, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. W. C. Oliver and G. M. Pharr, “Improved technique for determining hardness and elastic modulus using load and displacement sensing indentation experiments,” Journal of Materials Research, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 1564–1580, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. T. Y. Tsui and G. M. Pharr, “Substrate effects on nanoindentation mechanical property measurement of soft films on hard substrates,” Journal of Materials Research, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 292–301, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. P. Scherrer, “Bestimmung der Grösse und der inneren Struktur von Kolloidteilchen mittels Röntgenstrahlen,” Nachrichten von der Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, vol. 26, pp. 98–100, 1918. View at Google Scholar
  23. P. Li, E. Y. Jiang, and H. L. Bai, “Fabrication of ultrathin epitaxial γ-Fe2O3 films by reactive sputtering,” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 44, no. 7, Article ID 075003, pp. 1–5, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. W. D. Nix and H. Gao, “Indentation size effects in crystalline materials: a law for strain gradient plasticity,” Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 411–425, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. R. Nowak, F. Yoshida, D. Chrobak, K. J. Kurzydłowski, T. Takagi, and T. Sasaki, “Nanoindentation examination of crystalline solid surface,” in Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, S. H. Nalwa, Ed., pp. 313–374, American Association, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 2011. View at Google Scholar