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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2016, Article ID 6375962, 19 pages
Review Article

Synthesis and Applications of Semiconducting Graphene

1Department of Industrial Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79415, USA
2Fundamental and Computational Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA
3School of Materials Science and Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Qilihe, Lanzhou 730050, China
4Corporation Quality Network, Intel Corporation, Chandler, AZ 85226, USA
5Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Texas A&M University-Kingsville, Kingsville, TX 78363, USA

Received 15 August 2016; Revised 1 October 2016; Accepted 3 October 2016

Academic Editor: Stefano Bellucci

Copyright © 2016 Shahrima Maharubin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Semimetal-to-semiconductor transition in graphene can bestow graphene with numerous novel and enhanced structural, electrical, optical, and physicochemical characteristics. The scope of graphene and its prospective for an array of implications could be significantly outspread by this transition. In consideration of the recent advancements of semiconducting graphene, this article widely reviews the properties, production, and developing operations of this emergent material. The comparisons among the benefits and difficulties of current methods are made, intending to offer evidences to develop novel and scalable synthesis approaches. The emphasis is on the properties and applications resulting from various conversion methods (doping, controlled reduction, and functionalization), expecting to get improved knowledge on semiconducting graphene materials. Intending to motivate further efficient implications, the mechanisms leading to their beneficial usages for energy conversion and storage are also emphasized.