Table 2: Corrected binding energies (eV) and, in brackets, atomic concentration (%). Also, atomic ratios sulphate to sulphide and Cd or S to Ti are shown.

CdSTiO2-0.5CdSTiO2-0.2CdSTiO2-0.1CdSTiO2-0.03CdSAssignments

C 1s285.0 [38.6]284.9 [24.2]285.0 [28.6]284.9 [34.6]284.5 [25.2]CH aliphatic
286.7 [7.6]286.4 [1.9]286.6 [3.0]286.4 [3.9]285.9 [3.5]C-O
288.7 [1.4]289.0 [2.1]288.9 [2.0]288.7 [1.4]C=O

O 1s530.0 [38.3]530.1 [37.7]529.9 [33.5]529.7 [42.6]TiO2
532.1 [14.4]531.6 [7.5]532.0 [5.6]531.8 [5.3]531.4 [5.1], C=O
533.8 [3.1]533.1 [2.4]533.4 [2.8]533.1 [2.9]532.6 [2.1]C-O

S 2p3/2161.9 [10.5]161.5 [0.87]161.5 [0.73]161.5 [0.40]161.5 [0.12]CdS
S 2p1/2163.1 [5.3]162.7 [0.43]162.7 [0.36]162.7 [0.20]162.8 [0.06]

S 2p3/2168.5 [0.7]168.6 [0.47]168.6 [0.22]168.5 [0.31]168.7 [0.12]
S 2p1/2169.7 [0.3]169.8 [0.23]169.8 [0.11]169.7 [0.15]169.8 [0.06]

Cd 3d5/2405.3 [19.5]405.3 [2.1]405.3 [1.7]405.5 [0.7]405.7 [0.3]CdS and CdSO4

Ti 2p3/2458.8 [13.9]458.8 [12.0]458.8 [10.9]458.8 [13.7]TiO2
Ti 2p1/2464.5 [6.3]464.5 [5.2]464.5 [5.1]464.6 [5.8]

Atomic ratio

0.060.540.310.771.03
Cd/Ti0.110.100.050.01
S/Ti0.100.080.070.02