Journal of Nanomaterials / 2016 / Article / Tab 4

Review Article

Critical Review on Nanofluids: Preparation, Characterization, and Applications

Table 4

Theoretical models for predicting the thermal conductivity.

AuthorFormula to get “” of the nanofluidComments

Maxwell [75]Spherical particles
Bruggeman [76]High volume concentration of spherical particle
Hamilton and Crosser [77]Spherical and nonspherical particles

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