Journal of Nanomaterials / 2016 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

A Review on Properties, Opportunities, and Challenges of Transformer Oil-Based Nanofluids

Table 2

AC breakdown enhancement of transformer oil-based nanofluids reported in literature.

Author/yearMethod of preparationNanofluidAverage particle size (nm)Concentration
(vol%)
Enhancement ratio

Segal et al./1998 [22]Two-stepFe3O4/mineral oil1042.8%
Sartoratto et al./2005 [27]Two-stepFe2O3/mineral oil7.40.01612.8%
Du et al./2011 [28]Two-stepTiO2/mineral oil200.07519%
Liu et al./2012 [29]Two-stepSiO2/mineral oil150.007417%
Li et al./2012 [30]Two-stepFe3O4/vegetable oil3019.8%
Hanai et al./2013 [31]Two-stepZnO/mineral oil340.00058.3%
Rafiq et al./2016  [32]Two-stepFe3O4/mineral oil15–200.0416%

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