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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 2474267, 4 pages
Research Article

Simple Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes Using Polyethylene as Carbon Precursor

1Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2Department of Physics, Kaduna State University, Tafawa Balewa Way, PMB 2339, Kaduna, Nigeria
3Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
4Department of Physics, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
5Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Correspondence should be addressed to N. Kure

Received 16 July 2016; Revised 10 November 2016; Accepted 13 November 2016; Published 2 January 2017

Academic Editor: Andrew R. Barron

Copyright © 2017 N. Kure et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In this work, a quick and effective method to synthesize carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is reported; a commercial microwave oven of 600 W at 2.45 GHz was utilized to synthesize CNTs from plasma catalytic decomposition of polyethylene. Polyethylene and silicon substrate coated with iron (III) nitrate were placed in the reaction chamber to form the synthesis stock. The CNTs were synthesized at 750°C under atmospheric pressure of 0.81 mbar. Raman spectroscopy and field emission scanning electron microscope revealed the quality and entangled bundles of mixed CNTs from which the diameters of the CNTs were calculated to be between 1.03 and 25.00 nm. High resolution transmission electron microscope further showed that the CNTs obtained by this method are graphitized. Energy dispersive X-ray analysis and thermogravimetric analysis revealed above 98% carbon purity.