Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2017, Article ID 4308294, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4308294
Research Article

Stoichiometry Calculation in BaxSr1−xTiO3 Solid Solution Thin Films, Prepared by RF Cosputtering, Using X-Ray Diffraction Peak Positions and Boltzmann Sigmoidal Modelling

1COARA, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, Carretera a Cedral Km 5+600, 78700 Matehuala, SLP, Mexico
2Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Laboratorio de Materiales Funcionales, CICATA Legaria, Legaria 694, Col. Irrigación, 11500 Ciudad de México, Mexico
3Universidad de Guanajuato, Campus Irapuato-Salamanca, Ex-Hacienda el Copal, Km. 9, Irapuato-Silao AP311, 36500 Irapuato, GTO, Mexico
4Instituto de Ingeniería y Tecnología, Departamento de Física y Matemáticas, Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Juárez, CHIH, Mexico
5Departamento de Física, CINVESTAV-IPN, Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional 2508, Gustavo A. Madero, San Pedro Zacatenco, 07360 Ciudad de México, Mexico
6Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Materiales y Tecnologías para Energía, Salud y Medioambiente (GESMAT), CICATA Altamira, Km 14.5, Carretera Tampico-Puerto Industrial Altamira, 89600 Altamira, TAMPS, Mexico

Correspondence should be addressed to J. L. Fernández-Muñoz; xm.npi@zednanreflj

Received 3 April 2017; Revised 23 May 2017; Accepted 30 May 2017; Published 9 August 2017

Academic Editor: Philip D. Rack

Copyright © 2017 J. Reséndiz-Muñoz et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Márquez-Herrera, E. Hernández-Rodríguez, M. P. Cruz et al., “Electrical properties of resistive switches based on Ba1-xSrxTiO3 thin films prepared by RF co-sputtering,” Revista Mexicana de Fisica, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 401–405, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. W. J. Leng, C. R. Yang, J. H. Zhang et al., “Structural and optical properties of Ba x Sr 1- x Ti O 3 thin films on indium tin oxide/quartz substrates prepared by radio-frequency magnetron sputtering,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 99, no. 11, Article ID 114904, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  3. Y. Lin, Z. Zhou, and H. A. Sodano, “Barium titanate and barium strontium titanate coated carbon fibers for multifunctional structural capacitors,” Journal of Composite Materials, vol. 47, no. 12, pp. 1527–1533, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Zapata-Navarro, A. Márquez-Herrera, M. P. Cruz-Jáuregui, and M. L. Calzada, “Ferroelectric properties of barium strontium titanate thin films grown by RF co-sputtering,” Physica Status Solidi, vol. 2, no. 10, pp. 3673–3676, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. Li, Y. Yao, Y. Jia, and Z. Cui, “Phase formation and microstructure of BaxSr 1-xTiO3 ceramics prepared by direct current arc discharge plasma process,” Materials Letters, vol. 123, pp. 235–237, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. Y. Tian, H. L. W. Chan, C. L. Choy, and K. No, “The effects of composition gradients of Ba x Sr 1- x TiO 3 thin films on their microstructures, dielectric and optical properties,” Materials Science and Engineering: B, vol. 103, no. 3, pp. 246–252, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. C. W. Beier, M. A. Cuevas, and R. L. Brutchey, “Low-temperature synthesis of solid-solution BaxSr 1-xTiO3 nanocrystals,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 5074–5079, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. Y. Kuo, W. Y. Liao, and W. F. Hsieh, “Structural ordering transition and repulsion of the giant LO-TO splitting in polycrystalline Ba x Sr 1- x TiO 3,” Physical Review B, vol. 64, no. 22, Article ID 224103, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  9. H. Bouyanfif, J. Wolfman, M. El Marssi et al., “Combinatorial (Ba,Sr) TiO3 thin film growth: X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 106, no. 3, Article ID 034108, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Das, D. Liu, V. Janardhanam, C.-J. Choi, and Y.-B. Hahn, “Stoichiometry-controlled growth of Ba xSr 1-xTiO 3 thin films and their electrical behavior in heterojunction assemblies,” RSC Advances, vol. 2, no. 27, pp. 10255–10261, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. F. Alema, A. Reinholz, and K. Pokhodnya, “Stoichiometry and phase purity control of radio frequency magnetron sputter deposited Ba0.45Sr0.55TiO3 thin films for tunable devices,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 114, no. 17, Article ID 174104, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Berg and T. Nyberg, “Fundamental understanding and modeling of reactive sputtering processes,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 476, no. 2, pp. 215–230, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Berg, H.-O. Blom, M. Moradi, and C. Nender, “Process modeling of reactive sputtering,” Journal of Vacuum Science Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, vol. 7, article 1225, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. K. Strijckmans and D. Depla, “A time-dependent model for reactive sputter deposition,” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 47, no. 23, Article ID 235302, 13 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. J. McHargue, R. Kossowsky, and W. O. Hofer, Structure-Property Relationships in Surface-Modified Ceramics, Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. T. Nyberg, O. Kappertz, D. Rosen et al., in Proceedings of the 48th Annual Technical Conference of Society of Vacuum Coaters, Denver, Colo, USA, April 2005.
  17. A. L. Navarro-Verdugo, F. M. Goycoolea, G. Romero-Meléndez, I. Higuera-Ciapara, and W. Argüelles-Monal, “A modified Boltzmann sigmoidal model for the phase transition of smart gels,” Soft Matter, vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 5847–5853, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. B. J. Love, F. P. Ruinet, and F. Teyssandier, “Chemorheology of photopolymerizable acrylates using a modified boltzmann sigmoidal model,” Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics, vol. 46, no. 21, pp. 2319–2325, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. J. Arévalo, J. E. Vélez, J. H. Camacho-Tamayo, J. J. Arévalo, and J. E. Vélez, “Uso eficiente del agua para el cultivo de rosa cv. Freedom bajo invernadero,” Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental-Agriambi, vol. 17, no. 8, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  20. W. Scout, “Theiss,” in Scout Thin Film Analysis Software Handbook, Hard and Software, Aachen, Germany, code 1, page 10, 2012, http://www.mtheiss.com/.
  21. International Centre for Diffraction Data (ICDD), “PDF cards 00-040-1500 (STO); 00-075-0215 (BTO); 00-034-0411 (BST-SS with x=0.6),” (1982, 1997).
  22. American Ceramic Society, “Orthorhombic phase BST-SS PDF Card 130522 J,” Kwestroo, Paping, 1959.
  23. H. Tang, Z. Zhou, and H. A. Sodano, “Large-scale synthesis of BaxSr1-xTiO3 nanowires with controlled stoichiometry,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 104, no. 14, Article ID 142905, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. Olejníek, Z. Hubička, P. Virostko et al., “Deposition of nanocrystalline and microcrystalline BaxSr 1-xTiO3 by means of pulse modulated low pressure plasma jet system,” Integrated Ferroelectrics, vol. 81, pp. 227–237, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. Z.-G. Ban and S. P. Alpay, “Phase diagrams and dielectric response of epitaxial barium strontium titanate films: a theoretical analysis,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 91, no. 11, pp. 9288–9296, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. A. Bland, “The thermal expansion of cubic Barium Titanate (BaTiO3) from 350°C to 1050°C,” Canadian Journal of Physics, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 417–421, 1959. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. F. W. Lytle, “X-ray diffractometry of low-temperature phase transformations in strontium titanate,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 2212–2215, 1964. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. C. Tsou, Y. S. Huang, H. C. Li, and T. H. Lai, “On the determination of thermal expansion coefficient of thermal oxide,” in Proceedings of the NSTI Nanotechnology Conf. and Trade Show (Nanotech '05), pp. 339–342, May 2005.
  29. T. F. Retajczyk Jr. and A. K. Sinha, “Elastic stiffness and thermal expansion coefficients of various refractory silicides and silicon nitride films,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 241–247, 1980. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. B. Panda, A. Dhar, G. D. Nigam, D. Bhattacharya, and S. K. Ray, “Optical properties of RF sputtered strontium substituted barium titanate thin films,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 332, no. 1-2, pp. 46–49, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. P. Pasierb, S. Komornicki, and M. Radecka, “Structural and optical properties of Sr1-xBaxTiO3 thin films prepared by rf sputtering,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 324, no. 1-2, pp. 134–140, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus