Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2017, Article ID 4864760, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4864760
Research Article

Effects of Ultrasound Irradiation on the Preparation of Ethyl Cellulose Nanocapsules Containing Spirooxazine Dye

1Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Institute for Engineering Materials and Design, Laboratory for Chemistry and Environmental Protection, University of Maribor, Smetanova 17, SI-2000 Maribor, Slovenia
2Institute for Environmental Protection and Sensors, Beloruska 7, SI-2000 Maribor, Slovenia

Correspondence should be addressed to Bojana Vončina; is.mu@anicnov.anajob

Received 8 March 2017; Revised 8 May 2017; Accepted 25 May 2017; Published 6 July 2017

Academic Editor: P. Davide Cozzoli

Copyright © 2017 Julija Volmajer Valh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. Preetz, A. Rübe, I. Reiche, G. Hause, and K. Mäder, “Preparation and characterization of biocompatible oil-loaded polyelectrolyte nanocapsules,” Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 106–114, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. T. Cheng, T. Lin, R. Brady, and X. Wang, “Fast response photochromic textiles from hybrid silica surface coating,” Fibers and Polymers, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 301–306, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Y. Zhou, Y. Yan, Y. Du, J. Chen, X. Hou, and J. Meng, “Preparation and application of melamine-formaldehyde photochromic microcapsules,” Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical, vol. 188, pp. 502–512, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. Wang, C. Yu, M.-S. Choi, and S.-H. Kim, “Synthesis and switching properties of photochromic carbazole-spironaphthoxazine copolymer,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, vol. 192, no. 1, pp. 17–22, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. I.-J. Lee, “A low temperature spectrophotometric study of the photomerocyanine form of spirooxazine doped in polystyrene film,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, vol. 124, no. 3, pp. 141–146, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Parhizkar, Y. Zhao, X. Wang, and T. Lin, “Photostability and durability properties of photochromic organosilica coating on fabric,” Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 65–73, 2014. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. A. Chowdhury, M. Joshi, and B. S. Butola, “Photochromic and thermochromic colorants in textile applications,” Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 107–123, 2014. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. T. Feczkó, O. Varga, M. Kovács, T. Vidóczy, and B. Voncina, “Preparation and characterization of photochromic poly(methyl methacrylate) and ethyl cellulose nanocapsules containing a spirooxazine dye,” Journal of Photochemistry & Photobiology A: Chemistry, vol. 222, no. 1, pp. 293–298, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. T. Feczkó, M. Kovács, and B. Voncina, “Improvement of fatigue resistance of spirooxazine in ethyl cellulose and poly(methyl methacrylate) nanoparticles using a hindered amine light stabilizer,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, vol. 247, pp. 1–7, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. Han, E. Lee, and E. Kim, “Preparation and optical properties of polystyrene nanocapsules containing photochromophores,” Optical Materials, vol. 21, no. 1–3, pp. 579–583, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M.-Q. Zhu, L. Zhu, J. J. Han, W. Wu, J. K. Hurst, and A. D. Q. Li, “Spiropyran-based photochromic polymer nanoparticles with optically switchable luminescence,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 128, no. 13, pp. 4303–4309, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. Dürr and H. Bouas-Laurent, Photochromism: Molecules and Systems, Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2003.
  13. K. H. Bae, Y. Lee, and T. G. Park, “Oil-encapsulating PEO-PPO-PEO/PEG shell cross-linked nanocapsules for target-specific delivery of paclitaxel,” Biomacromolecules, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 650–656, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Y. Zhang, H. F. Chan, and K. W. Leong, “Advanced materials and processing for drug delivery: the past and the future,” Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 104–120, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. T. Watanabe, Y. Kimura, and T. Ono, “Microfluidic fabrication of monodisperse polylactide microcapsules with tunable structures through rapid precipitation,” Langmuir, vol. 29, no. 46, pp. 14082–14088, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. I. S. Elizarova and P. F. Luckham, “Fabrication of polyelectrolyte multilayered nano-capsules using a continuous layer-by-layer approach,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 470, pp. 92–99, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. Cui, M. P. Van Koeverden, M. Müllner, K. Kempe, and F. Caruso, “Emerging methods for the fabrication of polymer capsules,” Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 207, no. 1, pp. 14–31, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. Zhong, H. Zhang, Y. Liu et al., “Folic acid functionalized reduction-responsive magnetic chitosan nanocapsules for targeted delivery and triggered release of drugs,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 168, pp. 282–289, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. C. Prieto, L. Calvo, and C. M. M. Duarte, “Continuous supercritical fluid extraction of emulsions to produce nanocapsules of vitamin E in polycaprolactone,” The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, vol. 124, pp. 72–79, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. L. L. Del Mercato, M. M. Ferraro, F. Baldassarre et al., “Biological applications of LbL multilayer capsules: from drug delivery to sensing,” Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 207, no. 1, pp. 139–154, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. C. Pinheiro, A. I. Bourbon, M. A. Cerqueira et al., “Chitosan/fucoidan multilayer nanocapsules as a vehicle for controlled release of bioactive compounds,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 115, pp. 1–9, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. T. G. Shutava, P. P. Pattekari, K. A. Arapov, V. P. Torchilin, and Y. M. Lvov, “Architectural layer-by-layer assembly of drug nanocapsules with PEGylated polyelectrolytes,” Soft Matter, vol. 8, no. 36, pp. 9418–9427, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. T. M. S. Gomes, D. T. Santos, and M. A. A. Meireles, “Trends in particle formation of bioactive compounds using supercritical fluids and nanoemulsions,” Food and Public Health, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 142–152, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. J. Su, J. Chen, F. Zeng, Q. Chen, S. Wu, and Z. Tong, “Synthesis and photochromic property of nanoparticles with spiropyran moieties via one-step miniemulsion polymerization,” Polymer Bulletin, vol. 61, no. 4, pp. 425–434, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. F. Tiarks, K. Landfester, and M. Antonietti, “Preparation of polymeric nanocapsules by miniemulsion polymerization,” Langmuir, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 908–918, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. L. Zheng, Z. Ding, M. Zhang, and J. Sun, “Microencapsulation of bayberry polyphenols by ethyl cellulose: preparation and characterization,” Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 104, no. 1, pp. 89–95, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. O. Grari, L. Dhouibi, F. Lallemand, C. C. Buron, A. Et Taouil, and J. Y. Hihn, “Effects of high frequency ultrasound irradiation on incorporation of SiO2 particles within polypyrrole films,” Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, vol. 22, pp. 220–226, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. C. Sauter, M. A. Emin, H. P. Schuchmann, and S. Tavman, “Influence of hydrostatic pressure and sound amplitude on the ultrasound induced dispersion and de-agglomeration of nanoparticles,” Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 517–523, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. Abbas, E. Karangwa, M. Bashari et al., “Fabrication of polymeric nanocapsules from curcumin-loaded nanoemulsion templates by self-assembly,” Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, vol. 23, pp. 81–92, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. K. S. Suslick, S.-B. Choe, A. A. Cichowlas, and M. W. Grinstaff, “Sonochemical synthesis of amorphous iron,” Nature, vol. 353, no. 6343, pp. 414–416, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. K. S. Suslick, Ultrasound, It's Chemical, Physical and Biological Effects, VCH, New York, NY, USA, 1988.
  32. T. Feczkó, V. Kokol, and B. Voncina, “Preparation and characterization of ethylcellulose-based microcapsules for sustaining release of a model fragrance,” Macromolecular Research, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 636–640, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. Vajnhandl and A. M. Le Marechal, “Case study of the sonochemical decolouration of textile azo dye Reactive Black 5,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 141, no. 1, pp. 329–335, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. T. J. Mason, Sonochemistry, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA, 1999.
  35. K. M. Swamy and K. L. Narayana, Ultrasound in Environmental Protection, JAI Press Inc., 2001.