Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 5048382, 11 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5048382
Research Article

Research on the Thermal Aging Behaviors of LDPE/TiO2 Nanocomposites

State Key Laboratory of Power Transmission Equipment & System Security and New Technology, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Kun Xiao; nc.ude.uqc@72440102

Received 16 February 2017; Accepted 8 May 2017; Published 14 June 2017

Academic Editor: Jim Low

Copyright © 2017 Jun Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The ability of antithermal aging of LDPE/TiO2 nanocomposites was investigated through SEM, FTIR, DSC, and dielectric properties in this paper. The results of SEM images showed that the thermal aging had a significant influence on the structure of Pure-LDPE and LDPE/TiO2 samples. The measurement of FTIR showed that the content of hydroxyl and carboxyl increased with thermal aging, but the time of emerging aging characteristic peaks for the LDPE/TiO2 samples was delayed. The DSC measurement indicated that filling TiO2 nanoparticles changed the crystallization behavior of LDPE, played a role of heterogeneous nucleation during the process of recrystallization, and improved the crystallinity of LDPE/TiO2. Similarly, the aged LDPE/TiO2 samples had lower permittivity and dissipation factor compared to the aged Pure-LDPE samples. All the results had indicated the LDPE/TiO2 samples had the significant ability of antithermal aging, especially the LDPE/TiO2-0.5 samples with good dispersion of nanoparticles. A new model was proposed to illustrate the antithermal aging behaviors of LDPE/TiO2 samples, which shows that the TiO2 nanoparticles play a role of “crosslinking points” between LDPE molecular chains, increasing the density of crystal structure and reducing oxygen diffusion into materials to break molecular structure.