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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2017, Article ID 7214617, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7214617
Research Article

Preparation of Cerium Dioxide Layers on Titanium by Electrodeposition with Organic Solution

Department of Chemistry, Hallym University, 1 Hallymdaehak-gil, Chuncheon 24252, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Yong Hee Chung; rk.ca.myllah@gnuhchy

Received 31 January 2017; Accepted 20 April 2017; Published 15 May 2017

Academic Editor: Flavio Colmati

Copyright © 2017 Vaijayanti Namdeo Nande et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Layers of cerium dioxide nanoparticles were prepared on titanium by electrodeposition with organic solution. Three concentrations of cerium ions were used at 31.6 V. The organic solution was isobutanol and titanium foils were used as anodes and cathodes. Currents were monitored during the electrodeposition. Deposition times ranged from 0.5 to 8 h. Deposited Deposited layers were calcined at 700 K for 30 min. The morphology and composition of the deposited layers were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). As-prepared and calcined deposition layers were assayed to be cerium dioxide. The average crystallite size increased from 4 to 7 nm through calcination at 700 K. Sizes of calcined cerium oxide agglomerates were ranging from 73 to 146 nm for 30 min deposition and 209 to 262 nm for 8 h deposition. The electrodeposition efficiencies of 0.5 h deposition at three concentrations were measured to be highest.