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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 8575162, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8575162
Research Article

Synthesis of Fluorescent Carbon Dots by Gastrointestinal Fluid Treatment of Mongolia Har Gabur

1Pharmacy Laboratory, Inner Mongolia International Mongolian Hospital, 83 Daxuedong Road, Hohhot 010065, China
2Agricultural Nanocenter, School of Life Sciences, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, 306 Zhaowuda Road, Hohhot 010018, China
3College of Chemistry and Environmental Science, Inner Mongolia Normal University, 81 Zhaowuda Road, Hohhot 010022, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Tegexibaiyin Wang; ten.haey@niyiabixeget

Received 30 January 2017; Revised 6 April 2017; Accepted 24 April 2017; Published 9 July 2017

Academic Editor: Jian Zhong

Copyright © 2017 Tegexibaiyin Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Har Gabur is the carbide obtained from pig manure by burning. The fluorescent carbon dots (CDs) of Har Gabur were successfully synthesized through simulating the digestion process of human gastrointestinal tract. Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) analysis showed that the average size of the prepared Har Gabur CDs was 4 nm, with good solubility in water and strong fluorescence under UV irradiation. The X-ray and Raman results showed that the Har Gabur CDs were mainly composed of oxygen “O” and carbon “C” elements, in the forms of “C=O” and “C-O.” The bond energy results showed that the nitrogen “N” atom presented as “C-N” form, which indicated that Har Gabur CDs also contain “N.” In photobleaching assay, Har Gabur CDs showed excellent light stability compared with ordinary organic dye, fluorescein, and Rhodamine B. The fluorescence intensity of Har Gabur CDs was fairly stable within a wide pH range of 3–10. When L-lysine and L-cysteine were applied for the passivation stage, the relative quantum yields were improved by 1.53 and 3.68 times, respectively. Finally, the fluorescence properties of Har Gabur CDs were tested in cells and zebrafish, illustrating that Har Gabur CD has potential in the application of biological labeling and imaging.