Table 3: Impact of diets, financial incentive, and telemonitoring on weight loss and nutrient intakes in children.
(a) Impact of diets on weight loss and nutrient intakes in children (means ± standard deviations).

CompletersLast observation carried forward
Calorie restrictionDual diet 𝑃 Calorie restrictionDual Diet 𝑃

𝑁 38495762
Δ -weight (%)2.7 ± 5.52.3 ± 4.9n.s.2.4 ± 4.72.2 ± 4.6n.s.
Δ -SDS−0.18 ± 0.3−0.19 ± 0.2n.s.−0.13 ± 0.24−0.15 ± 0.23n.s.

Nutrients
𝑁 34424953
Δ -Kcal per day−96 ± 396−239 ± 475n.s.−37 ± 377−205 ± 438.041
Δ -Fat per day (g)−4 ± 55−11 ± 24n.s.−2.0 ± 23−10 ± 23(.074)
Δ -Protein per day (g)−0.3 ± 19−3 ± 19n.s.1.5 ± 18−4.1 ± 17n.s.
Δ -CH per day (g)−16 ± 58−28 ± 69n.s.−6.7 ± 54−23 ± 63n.s.
Δ -RCH per day (%) of CH−2.1 ± 13−6.2 ± 13n.s.−0.9 ± 12−5.3 ± 12(.068)

Abbreviations: CH = Carbohydrates, RCH = refined carbohydrates (sucrose plus glucose).
(b) Impact of a financial incentive on weight loss and nutrient intakes in children (means ± standard deviations).

CompletersLast observation carried forward
Without incentiveWith Incentive 𝑃 Without incentiveWith Incentive 𝑃

𝑁 36515960
Δ -weight (%)3.3 ± 5.32.0 ± 5.0n.s.2.7 ± 4.61.9 ± 4.7n.s.
Δ -SDS−0.16 ± 0.2−0.21 ± 0.3n.s.−0.09 ± 0.19 − 0.19 ± 0.26.024

Nutrients
𝑁 31455052
Δ -Kcal per day−167 ± 450−180 ± 445n.s.−115 ± 374−132 ± 458n.s.
Δ -Fat per day (g)−8.4 ± 26−7.5 ± 24n.s.−7.2 ± 23−5.5 ± 24n.s.
Δ -Protein per day (g)−2.9 ± 20−3.6 ± 18n.s.−1.8 ± 16−1.0 ± 20n.s.
Δ -CH per day (g)−20 ± 68−24 ± 62n.s.−11 ± 56−19 ± 63n.s.
Δ -RCH per day (%) of CH−4.5 ± 14−4.2 ± 13n.s.−3.2 ± 11−3.2 ± 12n.s.

Abbreviations: CH = Carbohydrates, RCH = refined carbohydrates (sucrose plus glucose).
(c) Impact of telemonitoring on weight loss and nutrient intakes in children (means ± standard deviations).

CompletersLast observation carried forward
Without telemonitoringWith telemonitoring 𝑃 Without telemonitoringWith telemonitoring 𝑃

𝑁 72159920
Δ -weight (%)2.5 ± 5.32.5 ± 4.6n.s.2.4 ± 4.81.9 ± 4.1n.s.
Δ -SDS−0.18 ± 0.25−0.20 ± 0.26n.s.−0.14 ± 0.23−0.15 ± 0.24n.s.

Nutrients
𝑁 65118616
Δ -Kcal per day−154 ± 449−296 ± 417n.s.−109 ± 425−203 ± 369n.s.
Δ -Fat per day (g)−6.6 ± 24−16 ± 30n.s.−5.5 ± 23−10.8 ± 26n.s.
Δ -Protein per day (g)−2.2 ± 19−10 ± 20n.s.−0.4 ± 18−6.8 ± 17n.s.
Δ -CH per day (g)−21 ± 67−29 ± 47n.s.−14 ± 63−20 ± 41n.s.
Δ -RCH per day (%) of CH−3.1 ± 13−11.8 ± 14.043−2.3 ± 12−8.1 ± 13(.075)

Abbreviations: CH = Carbohydrates, RCH = refined carbohydrates (sucrose plus glucose).