Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism / 2011 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Carbohydrate Mouth Rinse Effects on Exercise Capacity in Pre- and Postprandial States

Table 2

Summary of studies investigating the effects of a carbohydrate mouth rinse solution on high intensity exercise.

Paper SubjectsIntensityCHOPerformance measurementEnhanced Endurance/performanceTimes/Distance

Carter et al. [12, 16]9t75%
VO2max
6.4% MD versus PLA (water)Time trial ~60 min ( )Yes  min versus  min
Pottier et al. [14]12t75%
VO2max
CES (Gatorade) versus PLA (aspartame)Time trial ~60 min (  kJ)Yes  min versus  min
Chambers et al. [13] Part 18t75%
VO2max
6.4% GLU versus PLA (saccharin)Time trial ~60 min (  kJ)Yes  min versus  min
Chambers et al. [13] Part 28t75%
VO2max
6.4% MD versus PLA (artificially sweetened)Time trial ~60 min (  kJ)Yes  min versus  min
Beelen et al. [17]14t75%
Wmax
6.4% MD versus PLA (water)Time trial ~60 min (  kJ)No  min
versus
 min
Whitham and Mckinney [18] 7mt65%
VO2max
6% MD + 3% LJ versus 3% LJ PLATime trial ~45 minNo  m versus  m
Rollo et al. [11]10t RPE = 156% CHO versus PLA (artificially sweetened)Time trial ~30 minYes  m versus  m

t: trained, mt: moderately trained, MD: maltodextrin, PLA: placebo, CES: carbohydrate-electrolyte solution, LJ: lemon juice; RPE: Rate of perceived exertion.
Data are reported as means ± standard deviation.

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