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Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 708183, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/708183
Review Article

Cancer Risk in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Metabolic Links and Therapeutic Considerations

Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA

Received 23 November 2010; Revised 10 February 2011; Accepted 24 March 2011

Academic Editor: Maria Luz Fernandez

Copyright © 2011 Grace Sun and Sangeeta R. Kashyap. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) is increasing in incidence, creating worldwide public health concerns and impacting morbidity and mortality rates. An increasing number of studies have demonstrated shared associations between DM2 and malignancy, including key clinical, biochemical, and metabolic commonalities. This paper will attempt to explore the relationship between the various types of cancer and diabetes, the common metabolic pathways underlying cancer development, and the potential impact of various antidiabetes therapies on cancer risk.