The Acute Impact of Ingestion of Sourdough and Whole-Grain Breads on Blood Glucose, Insulin, and Incretins in Overweight and Obese Men
Fasting and postprandial insulin responses to the ingestion of a consistent amount of the test breads. Test bread was ingested after collection of fasting blood sample at time point −15 min. Data are means. Standard errors are not included for clarity, . Significant overall treatment effects were found in insulin response to the breads (sprouted-grain bread was lower than 12-grain () bread, and 12-grain bread was lower than sourdough () and white () breads).