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Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Volume 2012, Article ID 306530, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/306530
Research Article

Assessing Nutrient Intake and Nutrient Status of HIV Seropositive Patients Attending Clinic at Chulaimbo Sub-District Hospital, Kenya

1Department of Nutrition and Health, School of Public Health and Community Development, Maseno University, Private Bag-40100 Maseno, Kenya
2Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, School of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Moi University, P.O. Box 1125-30100 Eldoret, Kenya
3Department of Biomedical Sciences and Technology, School of Public Health and Community Development, Maseno University, Private Bag-40100 Maseno, Kenya

Received 21 May 2012; Revised 7 August 2012; Accepted 7 August 2012

Academic Editor: Cindy Davis

Copyright © 2012 Agatha Christine Onyango et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Nutritional status is an important determinant of HIV outcomes. Objective. To assess the nutrient intake and nutrient status of HIV seropositive patients attending an AIDS outpatient clinic, to improve the nutritional management of HIV-infected patients. Design. Prospective cohort study. Setting. Comprehensive care clinic in Chulaimbo Sub-District Hospital, Kenya. Subjects. 497 HIV sero-positive adults attending the clinic. Main Outcome Measures. Evaluation of nutrient intake using 24-hour recall, food frequency checklist, and nutrient status using biochemical assessment indicators (haemoglobin, creatinine, serum glutamate pyruvate (SGPT) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV)). Results. Among the 497 patients recruited (M : F sex ratio: 1.4, mean age: 39 years ± 10.5 y), Generally there was inadequate nutrient intake reported among the HIV patients, except iron (10.49 ± 3.49 mg). All the biochemical assessment indicators were within normal range except for haemoglobin 11.2 g/dL (11.4 ± 2.60 male and 11.2 ± 4.25 female). Conclusions. Given its high frequency, malnutrition should be prevented, detected, monitored, and treated from the early stages of HIV infection among patients attending AIDS clinics in order to improve survival and quality of life.