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Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 417859, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/417859
Research Article

Fasting Blood Glucose Profile among Secondary School Adolescents in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria

1Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
2New England Diabetes and Endocrine Center, USA
3Paediatric Endocrinology Training Centre for West Africa, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria
4Clinical Nursing Services, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria

Received 17 December 2014; Revised 6 March 2015; Accepted 21 March 2015

Academic Editor: Pedro Moreira

Copyright © 2015 I. O. Oluwayemi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Over the past two decades there has been an increase in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in children. Baseline data is needed to assess the impact of changing lifestyles on Ado-Ekiti, a previously semiurban community in Southwest Nigeria. This study was therefore conducted to assess the fasting blood glucose (FBG) of adolescents in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. Methodology. This was a cross-sectional study involving 628 adolescents from three different secondary schools in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. With parental consent, volunteers completed a structured questionnaire, and an overnight FBG was measured. Results. There were 346 males and 282 females (male : female ratio = 1.2 : 1). Their ages ranged from 10 to 19 years (mean age: years). Four hundred and forty-four (70.7%) had normal FBG, while 180 (28.7%) and 4 (0.6%) had FBG in the prediabetic and diabetic range, respectively. Female gender, age group 10–14 years, and family history of obesity were significantly associated with impaired FBG ( value <0.001, <0.001, and 0.045, resp.). Conclusion. Impaired FBG is common among secondary school adolescents and it is more prevalent among younger female adolescents (10–14 years) with positive family history of obesity.