Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism / 2016 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Gender and Racial Differences in the Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Overweight and Obese Rural Adults, Kuching and Samarahan Division, Sarawak, Malaysia

Table 2

Health profile of the respondents ().

AllMalay ()Bidayuh ()Iban () valueMale ()Female () value
Mean (SD) (%)Mean (SD)/ (%)Mean (SD)/ (%)

Atherogenic Index of Plasma (AIP)0.20 (0.503)0.14 (0.565)0.09 (0.395)0.41 (0.535)0.51 (0.566)0.12 (0.450)
 Low (below 0.1)69 (44.5)19 (50.0)38 (55.1)12 (25.0)0.0049 (26.5)60 (49.6)0.019
 Intermediate and high (0.1 and higher)86 (55.5)19 (50.0)31 (44.9)36 (75.0)25 (73.5)61 (50.4)
Physical activity (MET)9979.13 (9611.189)8574.89 (7314.260)9043.53 (8783.824)12437.69 (11826.99)13606.34 (11280.637)8960.69 (8875.796)
 Low and moderate45 (29.0)9 (23.7)19 (27.5)17 (35.4)0.4608 (23.5)37 (30.6)0.523
 High110 (71.0)29 (76.3)50 (72.5)31 (64.6)26 (76.5)84 (69.4)
BMI (kg/m2)29.80 (4.006)30.23 (4.281)29.68 (3.722)29.62 (4.231)28.46 (2.719)30.17 (4.232)
 Overweight5 (3.2)2 (5.3)2 (2.8)1 (2.1)0.6061 (2.9)4 (3.3)0.859
 Obese150 (96.8)36 (94.7)67 (97.2)47 (97.9)33 (97.1)117 (96.7)
% of body fat37.53 (9.963)38.76 (8.091)37.54 (11.237)36.56 (9.425)27.97 (5.636)40.22 (9.242)
 Overfat148 (95.5)38 (100.0)64 (92.8)46 (95.8)0.22332 (94.1)116 (95.9)0.648
Blood pressure
 Systolic131.07 (16.319)134.13 (16.917)129.38 (17.220)131.08 (14.369)134.21 (15.019)130.19 (16.618)
 Diastolic77.17 (10.175)79.13 (9.253)76.88 (10.802)76.04 (9.923)77.79 (11.860)77.00 (9.698)
Hypertension27 (17.4)12 (31.6)7 (10.1)8 (16.7)0.0207 (20.6)20 (16.5)0.612
Cholesterol (mmol/dL)5.58 (0.998)5.88 (1.074)5.55 (0.878)5.37 (1.057)5.50 (0.930)5.60 (1.018)
 Hypercholesterolemia102 (65.8)29 (76.3)46 (66.7)27 (56.3)0.14722 (64.7)80 (66.1)0.516
LDL (mmol/dL)1.32 (0.316)3.59 (1.138)2.67 (1.131)2.95 (1.294)2.98 (1.255)2.98 (1.232)
HDL (mmol/dL2.98 (1.233)1.41 (0.264)1.36 (0.369)1.21 (0.235)1.23 (0.309)1.35 (0.313)
Glucose (mmol/dL)5.96 (2.458)6.27 (1.844)5.63 (1.844)6.17 (3.452)6.07 (2.020)5.93 (2.574)
 Hyperglycemia151 (99.4)38 (100.0)68 (98.6)48 (100.0)0.53434 (100.0)120 (99.2)0.781
Triglyceride1.78 (1.017)1.79 (0.979)1.58 (0.780)2.07 (1.268)2.29 (1.357)1.64 (0.854)

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