Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism / 2017 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Assessment of Weight Management Practices among Adults in the United Arab Emirates

Table 2

Associations between weight management practices and weight management goals among UAE adults (Chi-square test).

Weight management practice Weight management goal value
TotalLose weightMaintain weightGain weight
(%) (%) (%) (%)

Increasing physical activity
 Yes596 (52.9)344 (55.1)214 (52.5)38 (40.4)0.028
 No530 (47.1)280 (44.9)194 (47.5)56 (59.6)
Eating less fat
 Yes575 (51.1)363 (58.2)194 (47.5)18 (19.1)<0.001
 No551 (48.9)261 (41.8)214 (52.5)76 (80.9)
Consuming fewer calories
 Yes488 (43.3)335 (53.7)142 (34.8)11 (11.7)<0.001
 No638 (56.7)289 (46.3)266 (65.2)83 (88.3)
Joining gym
 Yes310 (27.5)165 (26.4)113 (27.7)32 (34.0)0.305
 No816 (72.5)459 (73.6)295 (72.3)62 (66.0)
Skipping meals
 Yes294 (26.1)202 (32.4)90 (22.1)2 (2.1)<0.001
 No832 (73.9)422 (67.6)318 (77.9)92 (97.9)
Taking natural herbs and teas
 Yes233 (20.7)141 (22.6)87 (21.3)5 (5.3)0.001
 No893 (79.3)483 (77.4)321 (78.7)89 (94.7)
Taking special supplements for weight management
 Yes193 (17.1)110 (17.6)69 (16.9)14 (14.9)0.797
 No933 (82.9)514 (82.4)339 (83.1)80 (85.1)
Following a popular (fad) diet
 Yes149 (13.2)100 (16.0)45 (11.0)4 (4.3)0.002
 No977 (86.8)524 (84.0)363 (89.0)90 (95.7)
Visiting a dietitian
 Yes138 (12.3)96 (15.4)31 (7.6)11 (11.7)
 No988 (87.7)528 (84.6)377 (92.4)83 (88.3)
Fasting
 Yes118 (10.5)81 (13.0)37 (9.1)0 (0.00)<0.00
 No1008 (89.5)543 (87.0)371 (90.9)94 (100.0)

Joining wellness centre
 Yes105 (9.3)62 (9.9)31 (7.6)12 (12.8)0.220
 No1021 (90.7)562 (90.1)1021 (90.7)82 (87.2)
Replacement foods
 Yes76 (6.7)32 (5.1)31 (7.6)13 (13.8)0.005
 No1050 (93.3)592 (94.9)377 (92.4)81 (86.2)
Counting calories
 Yes70 (6.2)50 (8.0)17 (4.2)3 (3.2)
 No1056 (93.8)574 (92.0)391 (95.8)91 (96.8)
Using pharmacotherapy
 Yes56 (5.0)32 (5.1)21 (5.1)3 (3.2)0.708
 No1070 (95.0)592 (94.9)387 (94.9)91 (96.8)
Consuming more calories
 Yes53 (4.7)7 (1.1)12 (2.9)34 (36.2)<0.001
 No1073 (95.3)617 (98.9)396 (97.1)60 (63.8)
Taking appetite stimulants
 Yes39 (3.5)6 (1.0)15 (3.7)18 (19.1)<0.001
 No1087 (96.5)618 (99.0)393 (96.3)76 (80.9)
Purging (vomiting)
 Yes37 (3.3)30 (4.8)6 (1.5)1 (1.1)0.006
 No1089 (96.7)594 (95.2)402 (98.5)93 (98.9)
Eating more fat
 Yes37 (3.3)5 (0.8)6 (1.5)26 (27.7)<0.001
 No1089 (96.7)619 (99.2)402 (98.5)68 (72.3)
Subscribing a special diet
 Yes34 (3.0)20 (3.2)10 (2.5)4 (4.3)0.602
 No1092 (97.0)604 (96.8)398 (97.5)90 (95.7)
Others
 Yes11 (1.0)5 (0.8)5 (1.2)1 (1.1)0.792
 No1115 (99.0)619 (99.2)403 (98.8)93 (98.9)
Bariatric surgery
 Yes6 (0.5)4 (0.6)2 (0.5)0 (0.00)0.721
 No1120 (99.5)620 (99.4)406 (99.5)94 (100.0)

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