Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 7307618, 11 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7307618
Research Article

Prevalence of Sarcopenic Obesity in Adults with Class II/III Obesity Using Different Diagnostic Criteria

1Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
2Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
3Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
4Human Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle on Tyne, UK
5Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Alberta Diabetes Institute, Edmonton, AB, Canada

Correspondence should be addressed to Carla M. Prado; ac.atreblau@odarpc

Received 26 July 2016; Accepted 12 February 2017; Published 22 March 2017

Academic Editor: Pedro Moreira

Copyright © 2017 Carlene A. Johnson Stoklossa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. De Luca, L. Angrisani, J. Himpens et al., “Indications for surgery for obesity and weight-related diseases: position statements from the International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders (IFSO),” Obesity Surgery, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 1659–1696, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. World Health Organization Consultation on Obesity, Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic: A Report of the WHO Consultation on Obesity, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1998.
  3. K. M. Flegal, D. Kruszon-Moran, M. D. Carroll, C. D. Fryar, and C. L. Ogden, “Trends in obesity among adults in the United States, 2005 to 2014,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 315, no. 21, pp. 2284–2291, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Statistics Canada, “Table 105-0501- Health indicator profile, annual estimates, by age group and sex, Canada, provinces, territories, health regions (2013 boundaries) and peer groups, occasional, CANSIM (database),” 2013 http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/cansim/a26?lang=eng&id=1050501.
  5. T. Navaneelan and T. Janz, “Adjusting the scales: obesity in the Canadian population after correcting for respondent bias,” 2014.
  6. C. M. M. Prado and S. B. Heymsfield, “Lean tissue imaging: a new era for nutritional assessment and intervention,” Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 940–953, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. N. Baumgartner, K. M. Koehler, D. Gallagher et al., “Epidemiology of sarcopenia among the elderly in New Mexico,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 147, no. 8, pp. 755–763, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. A. Batsis, T. A. Mackenzie, F. Lopez-Jimenez, and S. J. Bartels, “Sarcopenia, sarcopenic obesity, and functional impairments in older adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 1999–2004,” Nutrition Research, vol. 35, no. 12, pp. 1031–1039, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. I. H. Rosenberg, “Sarcopenia: origins and clinical relevance,” Journal of Nutrition, vol. 127, no. 5, pp. 990S–991S, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. M. M. Prado, J. C. K. Wells, S. R. Smith, B. C. M. Stephan, and M. Siervo, “Sarcopenic obesity: a critical appraisal of the current evidence,” Clinical Nutrition, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 583–601, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Stenholm, D. Alley, S. Bandinelli et al., “The effect of obesity combined with low muscle strength on decline in mobility in older persons: results from the InCHIANTI Study,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 635–644, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. A. Batsis, S. Singh, and F. Lopez-jimenez, “Anthropometric measurements and survival in older Americans: results from the third national health and nutrition examination survey,” Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 123–130, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. J. Cruz-Jentoft, J. P. Baeyens, J. M. Bauer et al., “Sarcopenia: European consensus on definition and diagnosis,” Age and Ageing, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 412–423, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. I. Janssen, S. B. Heymsfield, and R. Ross, “Low relative skeletal muscle mass (sarcopenia) in older persons is associated with functional impairment and physical disability,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 889–896, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. R. H. Demling, “Nutrition, anabolism, and the wound healing process: an overview,” Eplasty, vol. 9, article e9, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  16. S. Tyrovolas, A. Koyanagi, B. Olaya et al., “Factors associated with skeletal muscle mass, sarcopenia, and sarcopenic obesity in older adults: A Multi-Continent Study,” Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle, pp. 312–321, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. P. Cherin, E. Voronska, N. Fraoucene, and C. de Jaeger, “Prevalence of sarcopenia among healthy ambulatory subjects: the sarcopenia begins from 45 years,” Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 137–146, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C. M. M. Prado, M. Siervo, E. Mire et al., “A population-based approach to define body-composition phenotypes,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 99, no. 6, pp. 1369–1377, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. H. J. Pownall, G. A. Bray, L. E. Wagenknecht et al., “Changes in body composition over 8 years in a randomized trial of a lifestyle intervention: The Look AHEAD Study,” Obesity, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 565–572, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. F. Nicoletti, J. S. Camelo, J. E. Dos Santos, J. S. Marchini, W. Salgado, and C. B. Nonino, “Bioelectrical impedance vector analysis in obese women before and after bariatric surgery: changes in body composition,” Nutrition, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 569–574, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. A. Batsis, L. K. Barre, T. A. Mackenzie, S. I. Pratt, F. Lopez-Jimenez, and S. J. Bartels, “Variation in the prevalence of sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity in older adults associated with different research definitions: dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry data from the national health and nutrition examination survey 1999–2004,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 974–980, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. P. Rothney, R. J. Brychta, E. V. Schaefer, K. Y. Chen, and M. C. Skarulis, “Body composition measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry half-body scans in obese adults,” Obesity, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 1281–1286, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. P. A. Tataranni and E. Ravussin, “Use of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in obese individuals,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 730–734, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. D. Fryar, Q. Gu, and C. L. Ogden, “Anthropometric reference data for children and adults: United States, 2007–2010,” Vital and Health Statistics. Series 11, Data from the National Health Survey, vol. 11, no. 252, pp. 1–48, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  25. Government of Alberta, “Demographic Spotlight-The visible minority population: Recent trends in Alberta and Canada Aug 2011,” http://www.finance.alberta.ca/aboutalberta/osi/demographics/Analysis-and-Reports/2011/2011-0831-visible-minority-population-trends.pdf.
  26. Province of Alberta, “Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act: Revised Statutes of Alberta 2000, Chapter F-25 current as of Dec 11, 2015 ; Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Regulation, Alberta Regulation 200/1995 with amendments up to and including Alberta Regulation 49/2015,” Edmonton: Queen's Printer; 2015.
  27. E. Zoico, V. Di Francesco, J. M. Guralnik et al., “Physical disability and muscular strength in relation to obesity and different body composition indexes in a sample of healthy elderly women,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 234–241, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. T. N. Kim, S. J. Yang, H. J. Yoo et al., “Prevalence of sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity in Korean adults: the Korean sarcopenic obesity study,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 33, no. 8, pp. 885–892, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. A. B. Newman, V. Kupelian, M. Visser et al., “Sarcopenia: alternative definitions and associations with lower extremity function,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 51, no. 11, pp. 1602–1609, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. D. R. Bouchard, I. J. Dionne, and M. Brochu, “Sarcopenic/obesity and physical capacity in older men and women: data from the nutrition as a determinant of successful aging (NuAge)—The Quebec Longitudinal Study,” Obesity, vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 2082–2088, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. E. Levine and E. M. Crimmins, “The impact of insulin resistance and inflammation on the association between sarcopenic obesity and physical functioning,” Obesity, vol. 20, no. 10, pp. 2101–2106, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. C. Oh, S. Jho, J.-K. No, and H.-S. Kim, “Body composition changes were related to nutrient intakes in elderly men but elderly women had a higher prevalence of sarcopenic obesity in a population of Korean adults,” Nutrition Research, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. Siervo, C. M. Prado, E. Mire et al., “Body composition indices of a load-capacity model: gender-and BMI-specific reference curves,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 1245–1254, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. L. M. Donini, E. Poggiogalle, S. Migliaccio, A. Aversa, and A. Pinto, “Body composition in sarcopenic obesity: systematic review of the literature,” Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 191–198, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. A. J. Cruz-Jentoft, F. Landi, S. M. Schneider et al., “Prevalence of and interventions for Sarcopenia in ageing adults: a systematic review. Report of the international Sarcopenia initiative (EWGSOP and IWGS),” Age and Ageing, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 48–759, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. T. L. Kelly, K. E. Wilson, and S. B. Heymsfield, “Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry body composition reference values from NHANES,” PLoS ONE, vol. 4, no. 9, Article ID e7038, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. R. N. Baumgartner, S. J. Wayne, D. L. Waters, I. Janssen, D. Gallagher, and J. E. Morley, “Sarcopenic obesity predicts instrumental activities of daily living disability in the elderly,” Obesity Research, vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 1995–2004, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. J. A. Batsis, T. A. Mackenzie, L. K. Barre, F. Lopez-Jimenez, and S. J. Bartels, “Sarcopenia, sarcopenic obesity and mortality in older adults: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 68, no. 9, pp. 1001–1007, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. C. Beaudart, J.-Y. Reginster, J. Slomian, F. Buckinx, M. Locquet, and O. Bruyère, “Prevalence of sarcopenia: the impact of different diagnostic cut-off limits,” Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 425–431, 2014. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. C. M. Prado, S. J. Cushen, C. E. Orsso, and A. M. Ryan, “Sarcopenia and cachexia in the era of obesity: clinical and nutritional impact,” Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, vol. 75, no. 2, pp. 188–198, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. C. Geisler, C. Prado, and M. Müller, “Inadequacy of body weight-based recommendations for individual protein intake—lessons from body composition analysis,” Nutrients, vol. 9, no. 1, article no. 23, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  42. C. A. Johnson Stoklossa, M. Forhan, R. S. Padwal, M. C. Gonzalez, and C. M. Prado, “Practical considerations for body composition assessment of adults with class II/III obesity using bioelectrical impedance analysis or dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry,” Current Obesity Reports, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 389–396, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  43. C. B. Agborsangaya, S. R. Majumdar, A. M. Sharma, E. W. Gregg, and R. S. Padwal, “Multimorbidity in a prospective cohort: prevalence and associations with weight loss and health status in severely obese patients,” Obesity, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 707–712, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. R. S. Padwal, C. F. Rueda-Clausen, A. M. Sharma et al., “Weight loss outcomes in wait-listed, medically managed, and surgically treated patients enrolled in a population-based bariatric program prospective cohort study,” Medical Care, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 208–215, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. H. F. Fuchs, R. C. Broderick, C. R. Harnsberger et al., “Benefits of bariatric surgery do not reach obese men,” Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 196–201, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. S. L. Pagoto, K. L. Schneider, J. L. Oleski, J. M. Luciani, J. S. Bodenlos, and M. C. Whited, “Male inclusion in randomized controlled trials of lifestyle weight loss interventions,” Obesity, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 1234–1239, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. C. A. Johnson Stoklossa, Prevalence and characteristics of sarcopenic obesity in adults with class II/III obesity [M.S. thesis], University of Alberta, Alberta, Canada, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar