Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism / 2018 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Ghanaians Might Be at Risk of Excess Dietary Intake of Potassium Based on Food Supply Data

Table 1

Estimated 2010-2011 average food and K supply per person of 46 edible food items based on the Food Balance Sheet (FBS) and food composition data for Ghana.

Food categoryCommonly eaten food/product in GhanaK content (mg/100 g)Food supply (kg/yr)K supply (mg/yr)K supply (mg/day)

Wheat and productsBread, wheat, white117.0017.642063.3056.5
Rice (milled equivalent)Rice, white, polished, boiled (without salt)20.1032.40651.0117.8
Maize and productsMaize, white, stiff porridge (without salt)40.0027.111084.2029.7
OatsOats, regular and quick, unenriched, cooked with water (includes boiling and microwaving), without salt70.000.1610.850.3
Millet and productsMillet, whole grain, boiled (without salt)124.006.11757.0220.7
Sorghum and productsSorghum, whole grain, boiled (without salt)122.008.241004.6727.5
Cassava and productsa418.58230.3596417.122641.6
Potatoes and productsSnack, potato chips, made from dried potatoes, plain637.000.21130.593.6
Sweet potatoesSweet potato, yellow, boiled (without salt)369.045.101880.2551.5
YamsYam tuber, boiled (without salt)687.00147.48101318.762775.9
Roots, otherb313.4336.9911593.86317.6
Sugar (raw equivalent)Sugar2.0011.6023.190.6
Groundnuts (shelled equivalent)e723.745.974317.13118.3
Coconuts including copraf379.885.862224.1760.9
Tomatoes and productsg616.0022.6613955.48382.3
Vegetables, otheri241.438.652088.3357.2
Oranges, mandarinesOrange, raw121.1821.462599.9271.2
Lemons, limes, and productsj114.341.67190.955.2
Grapefruit and productsk96.180.032.890.1
Apples and productsn101.001.03103.532.8
Pineapples and productsPineapple, pulp, raw104.650.99103.612.8
Fruits, othero151.0612.891946.3953.3
Coffee and productsCoffee, instant, powder3640.000.06200.205.5
Cocoa beans and productsBeverages, cocoa mix, powder712.003.682616.6071.7
Tea (including mate)Tea, infusion18.000.050.900.00
Spices, otherSpices, mix, ground1040.000.0552.001.4
Beverages, fermentedOvaltine beverage with skimmed milk (without sugar, fortified)204.0014.052866.2078.5
Pig meatPork, meat, approximately 40% fat, boiled (without salt)230.771.04240.006.6
Bovine meatBeef, meat, 15–20% fat, boiled (without salt)254.001.23312.428.6
Mutton and goat meatGoat, meat, boiled (without salt)316.041.75553.0815.2
Poultry meatChicken, light meat, flesh and skin, boiled (without salt)128.007.09906.8824.8
Meat, otherGame meat, dried923.004.864481.17122.8
Butter, gheeCheddar82.300.107.820.2
Fats, animals, rawMargarine, fortified18.000.203.600.1
Milk excluding butterMilk, cow, canned, evaporated303.008.672627.0172

aCassava, tuber, boiled (without salt), and cassava, tuber, dried. bCocoyam, tuber, boiled (without salt), and taro, tuber, boiled (without salt). cBeans, liquid from stewed kidney beans; beans, baked, home prepared; peas, edible-podded, boiled, drained, without salt; peas, edible-podded, frozen, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt; peas, green, raw; and cowpea, boiled (without salt). dSoyabean, boiled (without salt), and soyabean, combined varieties, boiled (Ghana) (without salt). eGroundnut, shelled, dried, raw, and groundnut paste. fCoconut, mature kernel, fresh, raw; coconut, immature kernel, fresh, raw; coconut, kernel, dried, raw; and coconut water. gTomato, red, ripe, boiled (without salt), and tomato paste, concentrated. hOnion, raw, and onion, boiled (without salt). iCocoyam, leaves, boiled (without salt); amaranth leaves, boiled (without salt); cabbage, raw; carrot, raw; eggplant, boiled (without salt); garlic, raw; lettuce, raw; okra fruit, boiled (without salt); peppers, chilli, raw; pepper, sweet, red, raw; pepper, sweet, red, boiled (without salt); pepper, sweet, green, raw; and pepper, sweet, green, boiled (without salt). jLemon, raw, and juice, lemon, unsweetened. kJuice, grapefruit, canned, unsweetened, and grapefruit, pulp, raw. lBanana, white flesh, raw, and banana, yellow flesh, raw. mPlantains, cooked; plantains, green, fried; snacks, plantain chips, salted; plantain, ripe, boiled (without salt); and plantains, ripe, fried. nSweet apple, fruit, raw; juice, apple, canned or bottled; apple, with skin, raw; and apple, without skin, raw. oAvocado, pulp, raw; mango, deep orange flesh; mango, orange flesh, raw; papaya, fruit, ripe, raw; and watermelon, fruit, raw. pBeer European (4.4% alcohol); beer, millet (est. 3% alcohol); and beer, sorghum (est. 3% alcohol). qCream, whipping, 38% fat, and cream, 13% fat. rEgg, chicken, boiled (without salt), and egg, chicken, fried. sAnchovy, fillet, steamed (without salt); mackerel, grilled (without salt and fat); mudfish, grilled (without salt and fat); sardine, steamed (without salt); tilapia, grilled (without salt and fat); and tuna, grilled (without salt and fat). tSpiny lobster, mixed species, cooked, moist heat, and crab, queen, cooked, moist heat. uOctopus, common, cooked, moist heat, and squid, mixed species, cooked, fried. K composition was sourced from the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Software v.2.6.1, and the rest were from the FAO West African Food Composition Table. The K composition (mg per 100 g edible portion) was converted to mg per kg food intake by multiplying by 10.

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