Table 3: Cardiovascular disease risk factors between male and female ().

MaleFemale value
Mean (±SD)Mean (±SD)

BMI (kg/m2)27.8 (6.81)26.9 (4.88)0.140
Body fat (%)26.7 (6.25)35.2 (4.48)<0.0001
Visceral fat (%)12.7 (4.99)9.1 (5.23)<0.0001
SBP (mmHg)133.3 (16.02)124.3 (18.78)<0.0001
DBP (mmHg)81.8 (12.27)75.9 (12.06)<0.0001
Blood glucose (mmol/L)5.3 (1.32)5.3 (1.30)0.838
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)5.5 (0.98)5.3 (1.09)0.107
LDL-C (mmol/L)3.5 (0.92)3.2 (0.97)<0.0001
HDL-C (mmol/L)1.3 (0.22)1.5 (0.40)0.007
TG (mmol/L)1.8 (1.41)1.3 (0.88)<0.0001
AIP0.07 (0.30)−0.13 (0.28)<0.0001

BMI: body mass index; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; LDL-C: low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HDL-C: high density lipoprotein cholesterol; TG: triglyceride; AIP: atherogenic index of plasma; significant at ; significant at .