Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Predictive Model for the Risk of Severe Acute Malnutrition in Children

Table 1

Bivariate analysis of risk factors for malnutrition among children aged 6–59 months in Lubumbashi (DRC).

VariableMalnourished children (n = 263)Well-nourished children (n = 263)Crude OR [95% CI] value
n (%)n (%)

Child’s age <24 months187 (71.1)182 (69.2)1.09 [0.75–1.59]0.6340
Male sex161 (61.2)164 (62.4)1.04 [0.73–1.49]0.7879
Low birth weight124 (47.2)20 (7.6)10.83 [6.46–18.16]<0.000001
History of recurrent/chronic diarrhea189 (71.9)28 (10.7)21.43 [13.32–34.47]<0.000001
Age of breastfeeding’s cessation <6 months24 (9.1)3 (1.2)8.70 [2.58–29.27]<0.0001
Age of introduction of complementary diet <6 months234 (89.0)121 (46.0)9.46 [6.00–14.93]<0.000001
Daily meal’s number <3230 (87.5)58 (22.1)24.63 [15.44–39.29]<0.000001
No follow-up of preschool consultations193 (73.4)22 (8.4)30.20 [18.04–50.55]<0.000001
Orphan46 (17.5)10 (3.8)5.36 [2.64–10.88]<0.00001
Family history of malnutrition136 (51.7)10 (3.8)27.09 [13.77–53.29]<0.000001
Over 2 children under 5 in the family94 (35.7)7 (2.6)20.34 [9.21–44.91]<0.000001
Family size over 6 persons119 (45.2)40 (15.2)4.60 [3.04–6.97]<0.000001
Mother’s age <25 years81 (30.8)9 (3.4)12.56 [6.14–25.66]<0.000001
Parity <5117 (44.5)42 (16.0)4.21 [2.79–6.35]<0.000001
Single mother98 (37.3)18 (6.8)8.08 [4.71–13.87]<0.000001
Unemployed mother242 (92.0)124 (47.2)12.91 [7.77–21.45]<0.000001
Mother’s low level of schooling174 (66.2)39 (14.8)11.22 [7.33–17.18]<0.000001
Unemployed father182 (69.2)140 (53.2)1.97 [1.38–2.82]0.0002
Father’s low level of schooling108 (41.1)10 (3.8)17.62 [8.94–34.72]<0.000001

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