Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism / 2019 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Use of Dietary Supplements among Spanish Pediatricians in Daily Practice: A Cross-Sectional Survey Study

Table 2

Characteristics of the use of three categories of dietary supplements.

VariablesSynbiotics (n = 1763)Omega-3 (n = 854)Immune stimulants (n = 1457) value

Children’s age, years, mean (SD)3.9 (3.9)7.6 (3.0)3.4 (2.8)<0.001
Reasons for the recommendation
 Gastrointestinal disorders1223 (99.4)08 (0.6)<0.001
 Combination with antibiotics759 (93.7)051 (6.3)<0.001
 Stimulation of defenses22 (1.8)2 (0.2)1232 (98.1)<0.001
 Cold prevention11 (1.2)4 (0.4)889 (98.3)<0.001
 Improvement of atopy symptoms29 (21.2)58 (42.3)50 (36.5)<0.001
 Improvement of concentration2 (0.3)585 (99.0)4 (0.7)<0.001
 Improvement of ADHD symptoms4 (0.8)467 (98.9)1 (0.2)<0.001
Duration of treatment
 <1 month1580 (90.5)7 (0.8)30 (2.1)<0.001
 1–3 months126 (7.2)170 (20.0)875 (60.4)<0.001
 >3 months39 (2.2)671 (79.1)544 (37.5)<0.001
Clinical improvement (%)
 Not at all0.42.20.6NS
 Slight3.424.87.1
 Quite40.554.758.5
 A lot55.718.333.8
Level of satisfaction (%)
 Slightly satisfied0.42.20.4<0.001
 Moderately satisfied2.319.43.9<0.001
 Quite satisfied34.748.242.6<0.001
 Very satisfied62.730.253.0<0.001

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