Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism / 2019 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Risk Factors Associated with Under-Five Stunting, Wasting, and Underweight Based on Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey Datasets in Tigray Region, Ethiopia

Table 2

Bivariate analysis of stunting, wasting, and underweight by background characteristics of the mother and a child.

Background characteristicsCategoriesStunting (%)Wasting (%)Underweight (%)

Sources of drinking waterPiped15.220.215.6
Protected well35.439.537.4
Unprotected well49.440.347.1

Availability of toilet facilityNo facility/bush/field61.864.960.3
With facilities38.235.139.7

Number of under-five children134.929.833.4
249.955.350.6
3+15.214.916

Mother occupationNot working18.326.317.9
Agricultural sector59.148.256.8
Other sectors22.625.525.3

Birth typeSingle96.495.695.3
Multiple3.604.404.70

Birth weight>4 kg1418.412.1
2.5–4 kg44.739.539.3
<2.5 kg41.342.148.6

Had diarrhea recentlyNo84.870.277.4
Yes15.229.822.6

Antenatal follow-upNo58.45761.1
1–325.729.825.7
4+15.913.214.4

Postnatal careNo96.296.597.7
Yes3.803.502.30

Current age of mother15–193.605.304.70
20–2419.720.219.5
25–2925.430.724.1
30–3421.420.223.7
35+29.923.728

Husband/partner’s educationNo education58.252.659.9
Primary education37.841.235.4
Secondary education1.904.402.70
Higher education2.101.801.90

Child birth orderFirst birth17.61418.7
2, 3, or 445.655.343.6
Fifth or more36.830.737.7

Place of residenceRural92.489.591.4
Urban7.6010.58.60

Sex of childMale52.557.952.5
Female47.542.147.5

Household wealth indexPoorest36.128.136.6
Poorer24.521.923
Middle14.519.316.3
Richer15.719.314.8
Richest9.3011.49.30

Mother educationNo education71.371.971.6
Primary education25.423.725.7
Secondary education2.902.601.90
Higher education0.501.800.80

Child age0–11 months1027.215.2
12–23 months21.928.119.8
24–35 months24.918.424.5
36–47 months25.212.321.8
48–59 months18.81418.7