Figure 2: The process of extending enzyme functions into energy sources. The diagram shows where the function of the enzyme can be of particular value if it is repeatedly exerted through, without metabolic substrates, with non-additive influences on the system to induce continuity as an opposing force to equilibrium. The impulse generated from the enzyme can be translated into mechanical, morphologic or phototrophic nanosized signals. The flux of particles, water or ions which can in non-additive conditions drive the enzymes to perturbate their functionality continuously. The fluctuations in the system generate the impulse which affects nanocomposite properties which in turn are exploited to affect rotation and exchange of electrons in nanoturbines via nanomechanical switches/components.