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Journal of Nanotechnology publishes papers related to the science and technology of nanosized and nanostructured materials, with emphasis on their design, characterization, functionality, and preparation for implementation in systems and devices.
Journal of Nanotechnology maintains an Editorial Board of practicing researchers from around the world, to ensure manuscripts are handled by editors who are experts in the field of study.
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Simple Controlling Ecofriendly Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles at Room Temperature Using Lemon Juice Extract and Commercial Rice Vinegar
Silver nanoparticles were prepared in an ecofriendly manner at room temperature via the stepwise-modified Tollens route using the lemon juice extract and commercial rice vinegar. In this work, the lemon juice extract—a natural-origin chemical—was used as a reducing and stabilizing agent, and commercial rice vinegar was used to create a low acidic environment to control the silver nanoparticle growth via the stepwise method. The average dimension of silver nanoparticles was qualitatively evaluated through the UV-Vis spectra via the Mie theory. The X-ray diffraction and field emission scanning electron spectroscopy were employed to study the purity, the crystal structure, and the morphology of samples, respectively. Due to the weak activity and low purity of ecofriendly chemicals, the reaction and baking times strongly affect the preparation efficiency in obtaining small-size silver nanoparticles (∼40 nm). The highest efficiency was obtained with 24 h reaction time and 48 h baking time. The bimodal distribution of the size of silver nanoparticles was observed by UV-Vis analysis and field emission scanning electron microscopy. The obtained small-size silver nanoparticles (∼40 nm) have a uniform dimension. The quality of the obtained silver nanoparticles was evaluated through the conducting properties of silver paint made from ecosynthesized silver nanoparticles which showed a promising prospect to develop green-synthesized silver paint working at room temperature.
Stability Improvement of an Efficient Graphene Nanoribbon Field-Effect Transistor-Based SRAM Design
The development of the nanoelectronics semiconductor devices leads to the shrinking of transistors channel into nanometer dimension. However, there are obstacles that appear with downscaling of the transistors primarily various short-channel effects. Graphene nanoribbon field-effect transistor (GNRFET) is an emerging technology that can potentially solve the issues of the conventional planar MOSFET imposed by quantum mechanical (QM) effects. GNRFET can also be used as static random-access memory (SRAM) circuit design due to its remarkable electronic properties. For high-speed operation, SRAM cells are more reliable and faster to be effectively utilized as memory cache. The transistor sizing constraint affects conventional 6T SRAM in a trade-off in access and write stability. This paper investigates on the stability performance in retention, access, and write mode of 15 nm GNRFET-based 6T and 8T SRAM cells with that of 16 nm FinFET and 16 nm MOSFET. The design and simulation of the SRAM model are simulated in synopsys HSPICE. GNRFET, FinFET, and MOSFET 8T SRAM cells give better performance in static noise margin (SNM) and power consumption than 6T SRAM cells. The simulation results reveal that the GNRFET, FinFET, and MOSFET-based 8T SRAM cells improved access static noise margin considerably by 58.1%, 28%, and 20.5%, respectively, as well as average power consumption significantly by 97.27%, 99.05%, and 83.3%, respectively, to the GNRFET, FinFET, and MOSFET-based 6T SRAM design.
Development of Growth Theory for Vapor–Liquid–Solid Nanowires: Wetting Scenario, Front Curvature, Growth Angle, Linear Tension, and Radial Instability
In this paper, we report that under wetting conditions (or modes) of nanowire (NW) growth, when a nonplanar crystallization front emerges under a catalyst droplet, a shift in the three-phase line (TPL) of the vapor–liquid–crystal interface occurs under thermodynamically stable conditions when the angle with respect to the droplet surface, termed the growth angle, is fixed. The growth angle of the NWs is determined not from a geometrical perspective but on the basis of the physical aspects of the processes occurring around the TPL, revealing a size dependence caused by the influence of linear tension of the three-phase contact of a vapor–liquid crystal. The observed radial periodic instability of the NWs is described according to the size dependence of the thermodynamic growth angle, which induces negative feedback in the system. Under the influence of linear tension and positive feedback, the tips or needles of NWs can be formed.
Adsorption Capacities of Hygroscopic Materials Based on NaCl-TiO2 and NaCl-SiO2 Core/Shell Particles
Hygroscopic materials which possess high moisture adsorption capacity were successfully upgraded by the functionalization of sodium chloride (NaCl) using two nuances of oxides. A procedure was developed to first prepare submicron-sized NaCl crystals; thereafter, these crystals were coated by choice of either titanium dioxide (TiO2) or silica (SiO2) to enhance the hygroscopic properties of NaCl and prevent its premature deliquescence. After coating, several analytical techniques were employed to evaluate the obtained composite materials. Our findings revealed that both composites NaCl-TiO2 and NaCl-SiO2 gave excellent performances by exhibiting interesting hydrophilic properties, compared to the sole NaCl. This was demonstrated by both environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM) and water vapor adsorption experiments. In particular, NaCl-TiO2 composite showed the highest water adsorption capacity at low relative humidity and at a faster adsorption rate, induced by the high surface energy owing to the presence of TiO2. This result was also confirmed by the kinetics of adsorption, which revealed that not only does NaCl-TiO2 adsorb more water vapor than NaCl-SiO2 or sole NaCl but also the adsorption occurred at a much higher rate. While at room temperature and high relative humidity, the NaCl-SiO2 composite showed the best adsorption properties making it ideal to be used as a hygroscopic material, showing maximum adsorption performance compared to NaCl-TiO2 or sole NaCl. Therefore, NaCl-TiO2 and NaCl-SiO2 composites could be considered as promising hygroscopic materials and potential candidates to replace the existing salt seeding agents.
Highly Efficient Photocatalysis by Zinc Oxide-Reduced Graphene Oxide (ZnO-rGO) Composite Synthesized via One-Pot Room-Temperature Chemical Deposition Method
We synthesized zinc oxide-reduced graphene oxide (ZnO-rGO) composites using a one-pot chemical deposition method at room temperature. Zinc powder and graphene oxide (GO) of different mass ratios (1 : 1, 1 : 2, 1 : 5, 1 : 10, and 1 : 20 GO to Zn) were used as precursors in a mildly alkaline solution. UV-Vis spectroscopy was used to study the photocatalytic efficiency of the samples through the photodegradation of methylene blue (MB). UV-Vis measurements show the fast decomposition of methylene blue under UV light illumination with the best degradation efficiency of 97.7% within one hour, achieved with sample ZG2 (1 GO : 2 Zn mass ratio). The corresponding degradation rate was kZG2 = 0.1253 min−1, which is at least 5.5 times better than other existing works using hydrothermal methods. We argue that the excellent photodegradation of MB by ZG2 is due to the efficient charge separation brought about by the electronic interaction of the rGO with the ZnO and the formation of a Zn-O-C bond, as supported by XRD and Raman spectroscopy measurements.
Thermoelectric Effect of Buckypaper/Copper Assembly
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) exhibit excellent electrical and thermal properties that have been used in several device assemblies, such as electrode sheets made from an aggregate of CNTs, also called as buckypaper (BP). Despite that, the properties of single CNTs are reduced when randomly assembled to form a BP. In this way, this study investigated the thermoelectric effect of a BP electrode assembled on a copper electrode with an active area of 4.0 cm2. The micrographs were obtained by scanning electron microscopy and show morphology agglomerated of multiwalled CNTs, which permeated into the filter paper, forming a thickness of 67.33 μm. Moreover, indoor/outdoor tests were performed approaching the BP electrode from a heat source. Thus, the electrical responses in function of temperature variation show maximum thermovoltages of 9.0 mV and 40.73 mV from indoor and outdoor tests, respectively. Finally, an average Seebeck coefficient for the BP/copper electrodes array of 35.34 ± 6.0 mV/K was estimated from 298 to 304 K. These findings suggest that this assembly will be easily applied in thermoelectric device concepts.