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Journal of Nanotechnology
Volume 2012, Article ID 583817, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/583817
Research Article

Solvation-Assisted Young’s Modulus Control of Single-Crystal Fullerene C 𝟕 𝟎 Nanowhiskers

1Institute of Materials Science, Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8753, Japan
2Fullerene Engineering Group, Materials Processing Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044, Japan

Received 6 June 2011; Accepted 31 October 2011

Academic Editor: Zheng Hu

Copyright © 2012 Tokushi Kizuka et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Single-crystal nanowhiskers (NWs) composed of fullerene C70 molecules were synthesized by the liquid-liquid interfacial precipitation method that used m-xylene as a saturated solution of C70 molecules. Bending behavior of the individual NWs was observed by in situ transmission electron microscopy equipped with nanonewton force measurements using an optical deflection method. The Young’s modulus of the NWs was estimated to be 0.3–1.9 GPa, which was 2–7% of the moduli of fullerene NWs with similar diameters synthesized using other solvents, that is, toluene and pyridine. The influence of the solvent used in the precipitation method on Young’s modulus is discussed.