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Journal of Nanotechnology
Volume 2012, Article ID 712850, 8 pages
Research Article

Synthesis of 1D, 2D, and 3D ZnO Polycrystalline Nanostructures Using the Sol-Gel Method

1Department of Cultural Heritage Conservation, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Douliou 64002, Taiwan
2Graduate School of Materials Science, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Douliou 64002, Taiwan

Received 4 December 2011; Accepted 25 February 2012

Academic Editor: Yahya A. Ismail

Copyright © 2012 Yung-Kuan Tseng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study employed various polyol solvents to synthesize zinc oxide polycrystalline nanostructures in the form of fibers (1D), rhombic flakes (2D), and spheres (3D). The synthetic process primarily involved the use of zinc acetate dihydrate in polyol solutions, which were used to derive precursors of zinc alkoxides. Following hydrolysis at 160°C, the zinc alkoxide particles self-assembled into polycrystalline nanostructures with different morphologies. Following calcination at 500°C for 1 h, polycrystalline ZnO with good crystallinity was obtained. FE-SEM explored variations in surface morphology; XRD was used to analyze the crystalline structures and crystallinity of the products, which were confirmed as ZnO wurtzite structures. FE-TEM verified that the ZnO nanostructures were polycrystalline. Furthermore, we employed TGA/DSC to observe the phase transition. According to the results of property analyses, we proposed models of the relevant formation mechanisms. Finally, various ZnO structures were applied in the degradation of methylene blue to compare their photocatalytic efficiency.