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Journal of Nanotechnology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 472132, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/472132
Research Article

Properties of Electrospun TiO2 Nanofibers

1GRF-CFUM, University of Minho, Campus of Azurém, 4800-058 Guimarães, Portugal
2CFUM, University of Minho, Campus of Gualtar, 4700-057 Braga, Portugal
3SEG-CEMUC Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Coimbra, 3030-788 Coimbra, Portugal

Received 6 February 2014; Accepted 19 May 2014; Published 3 June 2014

Academic Editor: Valery Khabashesku

Copyright © 2014 Bianca Caratão et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Titanium oxide filled polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) composite nanofibers have been prepared via a simple electrospinning technique. The combination of good TiO2 properties with its high surface area leads these nanofibers into having a vast applicability such as cosmetics, scaffolds for tissue engineering, catalytic devices, sensors, solar cells, and optoelectronic devices. The structural and chemical properties of the prepared samples have been studied. The presence of the TiO2 phase on the nanofibers was confirmed. An anatase to rutile transformation was observed at 600°C. Regarding the thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TGA/DTA), the TIP decomposition and the PVP evaporation at 225°C were verified.