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Journal of Nanotechnology
Volume 2015, Article ID 172864, 10 pages
Research Article

Optical and Sensing Properties of Cu Doped ZnO Nanocrystalline Thin Films

1Department of Physics, University of Lucknow, Lucknow 226007, India
2Solid State Physics Laboratory (SSPL), DRDO, New Delhi 110054, India

Received 22 July 2015; Accepted 29 September 2015

Academic Editor: Wen Zeng

Copyright © 2015 R. K. Shukla et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Undoped and Cu doped ZnO films of two different molarities deposited by spray pyrolysis using zinc nitrate and cupric chloride as precursors show polycrystalline nature and hexagonal wurtzite structure of ZnO. The crystallite size varies between 10 and 21 nm. Doping increases the transmittance of the films whereas the optical band gap of ZnO is reduced from 3.28 to 3.18 eV. With increment in doping the surface morphology changes from irregular shaped grains to netted structure with holes and then to net making needle-like structures which lends gas sensing characteristics to the films. Undoped ZnO shows maximum sensitivity at 400°C for higher concentration of CO2. The sensitivity of Cu doped sample is maximum at 200°C for all CO2 concentrations from 500 to 4000 ppm.