Table 1: Potential risk factors for delayed patient presentation (barriers-to-care).


Marital status
Clinical presentation
Personal history
Family history
Breast cancer awareness
Failure to initially recognize mass as important  
 Lack of breast-self exam (BSE) use
Alternative therapy use
Fear of examination
Fear of treatment
Stigma of disease
Fear of cost of travel
Fear of cost of treatment  
Obligations at home/work
Access to health systems
Income status
Education status

Note: variables in bold were shown to predict patient delay in the multivariate logistic regression analysis (see Figure 2).