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Journal of Oncology
Volume 2017, Article ID 3180762, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3180762
Research Article

Colorectal Cancer in Jordan: Survival Rate and Its Related Factors

1Field Epidemiology Training Program, Non-Communicable Diseases, Ministry of Health, Amman, Jordan
2Jordan Cancer Registry, Ministry of Health, Amman, Jordan
3Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science & Technology, Irbid, Jordan
4Primary Health Care Directorate, Ministry of Health, Amman, Jordan
5Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, Jordan University of Science & Technology, Irbid, Jordan

Correspondence should be addressed to Ghazi Faisal Sharkas; moc.oohay@sakrahsizahg

Received 4 February 2017; Revised 1 March 2017; Accepted 19 March 2017; Published 28 March 2017

Academic Editor: Stefano Cascinu

Copyright © 2017 Ghazi Faisal Sharkas et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. To estimate the survival rate of colorectal cancer (CRC) and determine its predictors among Jordanian patients who were diagnosed in the period of 2005–2010. Methods. This study was based on Jordan cancer registry. All CRC cases that were registered in cancer registry during 2005–2010 were analyzed using the survival analysis. The last date for follow-up was 1st Oct 2016. Results. A total of 3005 patients with CRC were registered during 2005–2010. The overall 5-year and 10-year survival rates for patients with CRC were 58.2% and 51.8%, respectively. The 5-year survival rate decreased significantly from 60.4% for the age <50 years to 49.3% for the age ≥70 years (). The 5-year survival rate was 72.1% for the localized stage, 53.8% for the regional stage, and 22.6% for the distant metastasis. In the multivariate analysis, the only factors that were significantly associated with survival were age, grade, stage, and location of tumor. Conclusions. The overall 5-year and ten-year survival rates for CRC were 58.2% and 51.8%, respectively. Increased age, poor differentiation, advanced cancer stage, and right-sided cancers were associated with lower survival rates. Screening strategies are needed for early detection of colon adenomas and colorectal cancer in Jordan.