Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2011, Article ID 267509, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/267509
Research Article

Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Prevalence in Adults from Two Remote First Nations Communities in Northwestern Ontario, Canada

1Behavioral and Metabolic Research Unit, School of Human Kinetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, 125, University Street (room 350), Ottawa, ON, Canada K1N 6N5
2Indigenous Health Group, School of Human Kinetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1N 6N5
3Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1N 6N5

Received 2 December 2010; Revised 21 January 2011; Accepted 15 February 2011

Academic Editor: Renato Pasquali

Copyright © 2011 Pascal Imbeault et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. International association for the study of Obesity, “International Obesity Task Force prevalence data,” 2010, http://www.iotf.org/database/index.asp.
  2. P. T. Katzmarzyk and C. Mason, “Prevalence of class I, II and III obesity in Canada,” Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 174, no. 2, pp. 156–157, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. Tjepkema, “Adult obesity,” Health Reports, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 9–25, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. D. Garriguet, “Obesity and the eating habits of the Aboriginal population,” Health Reports, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 21–35, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. P. T. Katzmarzyk, “Obesity and physical activity among aboriginal canadians,” Obesity, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 184–190, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. Statistics Canada, “Aboriginal population profile,” 2010, http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/prof/92-594/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=PR&Code1=01&Geo2=PR&Code2=01&Data=Count&SearchText=canada&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=.
  7. First Nations Centre, First Nations regional longitudinal health survey (RHS) 2002/03: the people report. First Nations information governance committee, assembly of First Nations. First Nations Centre at the national Aboriginal health organization, 2005.
  8. M. A. Robidoux, M. Batal, P. Imbeault et al., “Traditional foodways in two contemporary northern First Nations communities,” Canadian Journal of Native Studies, vol. 32, no. 2, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  9. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. Canada, “Wapekeka First Nation Detail,” 2008, http://pse5-esd5.ainc-inac.gc.ca/fnp/Main/Search/FNPopulation.aspx?BAND_NUMBER=206&lang=eng.
  10. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, “Kasabonika Lake First Nation Detail,” 2008, http://pse5-esd5.ainc-inac.gc.ca/fnp/Main/Search/FNPopulation.aspx?BAND_NUMBER=210&lang=eng.
  11. Canada, “Canadian guidelines for body weight classification in adults,” O. o. N. P. a. Promotion. Ottawa, Health Canada, 2003.
  12. P. Imbeault, I. Dépault, and F. Haman, “Cold exposure increases adiponectin levels in men,” Metabolism, vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 552–559, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. R. Gavin, K. G. M. M. Alberti, M. B. Davidson et al., “Report of the expert committee on the diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus,” Diabetes Care, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. S5–S20, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. W. Haslam and W. P. T. James, “Obesity,” Lancet, vol. 366, no. 9492, pp. 1197–1209, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. B. B. Kahn and J. S. Flier, “Obesity and insulin resistance,” Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 106, no. 4, pp. 473–481, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. P. Després, A. Nadeau, and A. Trembaly, “Role of deep abdomianl fat in the association between regional adipose tissue distribution and glucose tolerance in obese women,” Diabetes, vol. 38, pp. 304–309, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  17. S. Fujioka, Y. Matsuzawa, K. Tokunaga, and S. Tarui, “Contribution of intra-abdominal fat accumulation to the impairment of glucose and lipid metabolism in human obesity,” Metabolism, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 54–59, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. Report from the National Diabetes Surveillance System: Diabetes in Canada, Public Health Agency of Canada, 2009.
  19. S. G. Bruce, N. D. Riediger, J. M. Zacharias, and T. K. Young, “Obesity and obesity-related comorbidities in a Canadian First Nation population,” Preventing Chronic Disease, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  20. M. L. Chateau-Degat, D. Pereg, G. M. Egeland et al., “Diabetes and related metabolic conditions in an aboriginal cree community of Quebec, Canada,” Canadian Journal of Diabetes, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 156–162, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. R. Dyck, N. Osgood, T. H. Lin, A. Gao, and M. R. Stang, “Epidemiology of diabetes mellitus among First Nations and non-First Nations adults,” Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 182, no. 3, pp. 249–256, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. B. Harris, J. Gittelsohn, A. Hanley et al., “The prevalence of NIDDM and associated risk factors in native Canadians,” Diabetes Care, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 185–187, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. T. K. Young, J. Reading, B. Elias, and J. D. O'Neil, “Type 2 diabetes mellitus in Canada's First Nations: status of an epidemic in progress,” Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 163, no. 5, pp. 561–566, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. F. Haman, B. Fontaine-Bisson, M. Batal, P. Imbeault, J. M. Blais, and M. A. Robidoux, “Obesity and type 2 diabetes in Northern Canada's remote First Nations communities: the dietary dilemma,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 34, supplement 2, pp. S24–S31, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar