Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2011, Article ID 350523, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/350523
Research Article

Early Postoperative Outcomes and Medication Cost Savings after Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy in Morbidly Obese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

1Department of Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305-2200, USA
2Department of Surgery, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, 3801 Miranda Avenue, GS 112, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA

Received 4 July 2011; Accepted 15 September 2011

Academic Editor: Francesco Saverio Papadia

Copyright © 2011 Bethany J. Slater et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. H. Mokdad, E. S. Ford, B. A. Bowman et al., “Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and obesity-related health risk factors, 2001,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 289, no. 1, pp. 76–79, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. K. M. Flegal, M. D. Carroll, C. L. Ogden, and C. L. Johnson, “Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999–2000,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 288, no. 14, pp. 1723–1727, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. R. S. Gill, D. W. Birch, X. Shi, A. M. Sharma, and S. Karmali, “Sleeve gastrectomy and type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review,” Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 707–713, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  4. Gastrointestinal Surgery for Severe Obesity, “NIH consensus development conference, March 25-7,1991,” Nutrition, vol. 12, pp. 397–404, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  5. S. E. Greenway, F. L. Greenway III, and S. Klein, “Effects of obesity surgery on non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus,” Archives of Surgery, vol. 137, no. 10, pp. 1109–1117, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. S. Hickey, W. J. Pories, K. G. MacDonald Jr. et al., “A new paradigm for type 2 diabetes mellitus: could it be a disease of the foregut?” Annals of Surgery, vol. 227, no. 5, pp. 637–644, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. A. Gumbs, M. Gagner, G. Dakin, and A. Pomp, “Sleeve gastrectomy for morbid obesity,” Obesity Surgery, vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 962–969, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Rubin, R. T. Yehoshua, M. Stein et al., “Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy with minimal morbidity early results in 120 morbidly obese patients,” Obesity Surgery, vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1567–1570, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  9. A. Bohdjalian, F. B. Langer, S. Shakeri-Leidenmuhler et al., “Sleeve gastrectomy as sole and definitive bariatric procedure: 5-Year results for weight loss and ghrelin,” Obesity Surgery, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 535–540, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  10. X. Shi, S. Karmali, A. M. Sharma, and D. W. Birch, “A review of Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for morbid obesity,” Obesity Surgery, vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 1171–1177, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  11. D. Cottam, F. G. Qureshi, S. G. Mattar et al., “Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy as an initial weight-loss procedure for high-risk patients with morbid obesity,” Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 859–863, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  12. F. Abbatini, M. Rizzello, G. Casella et al., “Long-term effects of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass, and adjustable gastric banding on type 2 diabetes,” Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 1005–1010, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  13. E. A. Finkelstein, J. G. Trogdon, J. W. Cohen, and W. Dietz, “Annual medical spending attributable to obesity: payer-and service-specific estimates,” Health Affairs, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. w822–w831, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  14. K. Narbro, G. Agren, E. Jonsson, I. Naslund, L. Sjostrom, and M. Peltonen, “Pharmaceutical costs in obese individuals: comparison with a randomly selected population sample and long-term changes after conventional and surgical treatment: the SOS intervention study,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 162, pp. 2061–2069, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  15. M. Deitel, “Overweight and obesity worldwide now estimated to involve 1.7 billion people,” Obesity Surgery, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 329–330, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  16. M. Deitel, “Bariatric surgery is a cost-saving for the healthcare system,” Obesity Surgery, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 301–303, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. W. J. Pories, M. S. Swanson, K. G. MacDonald et al., “Who would have thought it? An operation proves to be the most effective therapy for adult-onset diabetes mellitus,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 222, no. 3, pp. 339–352, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Gagner, M. Deitel, T. L. Kalberer, A. L. Erickson, and R. D. Crosby, “The second international consensus summit for sleeve gastrectomy, March 19–21, 2009,” Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 476–485, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  19. D. Fuks, P. Verhaeghe, O. Brehant et al., “Results of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy: a prospective study in 135 patients with morbid obesity,” Surgery, vol. 145, no. 1, pp. 106–113, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  20. N. de la Cruz-Muñoz, S. E. Messiah, K. L. Arheart, G. Lopez-Mitnik, S. E. Lipshultz, and A. Livingstone, “Bariatric surgery significantly decreases the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and pre-diabetes among morbidly obese multiethnic adults: long-term results,” Journal of the American College of Surgeons, vol. 212, pp. 505–511, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  21. J. S. Todkar, S. S. Shah, P. S. Shah, and J. Gangwani, “Long-term effects of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in morbidly obese subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus,” Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 142–145, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  22. E. E. Mason, “Methods for voluntary weight loss and control. A National Institutes of Health Technology Assessment Conference, 30 March-1 April 1992, Bethesda, Maryland, USA,” Obesity Surgery, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 275–276, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. A. Makary, J. M. Clarke, A. D. Shore et al., “Medication utilization and annual health care costs in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus before and after bariatric surgery,” Archives of Surgery, vol. 145, no. 8, pp. 726–731, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  24. F. Rubino, M. Gagner, P. Gentileschi et al., “The early effect of the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on hormones involved in body weight regulation and glucose metabolism,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 240, no. 2, pp. 236–242, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. J. Vidal, A. Ibarzabal, F. Romero et al., “Type 2 diabetes mellitus and the metabolic syndrome following sleeve gastrectomy in severely obese subjects,” Obesity Surgery, vol. 18, no. 9, pp. 1077–1082, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  26. J. Vidal, A. Ibarzabal, J. Nicolau et al., “Short-term effects of sleeve gastrectomy on type 2 diabetes mellitus in severely obese subjects,” Obesity Surgery, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 1069–1074, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. F. Rubino, P. R. Schauer, L. M. Kaplan, and D. E. Cummings, “Metabolic surgery to treat type 2 diabetes: clinical outcomes and mechanisms of action,” Annual Review of Medicine, vol. 61, pp. 393–411, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  28. E. J. Demaria, D. A. Winegar, V. W. Pate, N. E. Hutcher, J. Ponce, and W. J. Pories, “Early postoperative outcomes of metabolic surgery to treat diabetes from sites participating in the ASMBS bariatric surgery center of excellence program as reported in the bariatric outcomes longitudinal database,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 252, no. 3, pp. 559–566, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  29. S. N. Karamanakos, K. Vagenas, F. Kalfarentzos, and T. K. Alexandrides, “Weight loss, appetite suppression, and changes in fasting and postprandial ghrelin and peptide-YY levels after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy: a prospective, double blind study,” Annals of surgery, vol. 247, no. 3, pp. 401–407, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  30. http://www.gwumc.edu/sphhs/departments/healthpolicy/dhp_publications/pub_uploads/dhpPublication_35308C47-5056-9D20-3DB157B39AC53093.pdf.