Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2011, Article ID 358581, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/358581
Research Article

A 10-Month Physical Activity Intervention Improves Body Composition in Young Black Boys

1Department of Exercise Physiology, Ohio University, Grover Center, E325 Athens, OH 45701, USA
2Medical College of Georgia, Department of Pediatrics, Georgia Prevention Institute, Augusta, GA 30912, USA

Received 1 June 2010; Accepted 31 August 2010

Academic Editor: James A. Levine

Copyright © 2011 Cheryl A. Howe et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. L. Ogden, M. D. Carroll, and K. M. Flegal, “High body mass index for age among US children and adolescents, 2003–2006,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 299, no. 20, pp. 2401–2405, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. P. T. Katzmarzyk, L. A. Baur, S. N. Blair, E. V. Lambert, J. M. Oppert, and C. Riddoch, “Expert panel report from the International Conference on Physical Activity and Obesity in Children, 24–27 June 2007, Toronto, Ontario: summary statement and recommendations,” Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 371–388, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  3. W. H. Dietz, “Health consequences of obesity in youth: childhood predictors of adult disease,” Pediatrics, vol. 101, no. 3, pp. 518–525, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. D. S. Freedman, W. H. Dietz, S. R. Srinivasan, and G. S. Berenson, “The relation of overweight to cardiovascular risk factors among children and adolescents: the Bogalusa Heart Study,” Pediatrics, vol. 103, no. 6, pp. 1175–1182, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. W. H. Dietz, “Overweight and precursors of type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents,” Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 138, no. 4, pp. 453–454, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. O. Pinhas-Hamiel, L. M. Dolan, S. R. Daniels, D. Standiford, P. R. Khoury, and P. Zeitler, “Increased incidence of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus among adolescents,” Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 128, no. 5, pp. 608–615, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Fagot-Campagna, K. M. Venkat Narayan, and G. Imperatore, “Type 2 diabetes in children,” British Medical Journal, vol. 322, no. 7283, pp. 377–378, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  8. M. I. Goran, “Metabolic precursors and effects of obesity in children: a decade of progress, 1990-1991,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 158–171, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. P. Troiano, D. Berrigan, K. W. Dodd, L. C. Mâsse, T. Tilert, and M. Mcdowell, “Physical activity in the United States measured by accelerometer,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 181–188, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. L. H. Epstein, J. N. Roemmich, J. L. Robinson et al., “A randomized trial of the effects of reducing television viewing and computer use on body mass index in young children,” Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, vol. 162, no. 3, pp. 239–245, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. T. N. Robinson, “Behavioural treatment of childhood and adolescent obesity,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 23, supplement 2, pp. S52–S57, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  12. D. R. Bassett Jr., M. S. Tremblay, D. W. Esliger, J. L. Copeland, J. D. Barnes, and G. E. Huntington, “Physical activity and body mass index of children in an old order Amish community,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 410–415, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. S. Tremblay, J. D. Barnes, J. L. Copeland, and D. W. Esliger, “Conquering childhood inactivity: is the answer in the past?” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 1187–1194, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. B. Gutin, Z. Yin, M. C. Humphries, and P. Barbeau, “Relations of moderate and vigorous physical activity to fitness and fatness in adolescents,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 81, no. 4, pp. 746–750, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. B. Gutin, Z. Yin, M. C. Humphries et al., “Relations of body fatness and cardiovascular fitness to lipid profile in black and white adolescents,” Pediatric Research, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 78–82, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Stunkard and J. Pestka, “The physical activity of obesegirls,” American Journal of Diseases of Children, vol. 103, pp. 812–817, 1962. View at Google Scholar
  17. L. H. Epstein, A. M. Valoski, L. S. Vara et al., “Effects of decreasing sedentary behavior and increasing activity on weight change in obese children,” Health Psychology, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 109–115, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. L. S. Vara and L. H. Epstein, “Laboratory assessment of choice between exercise or sedentary behaviors,” Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 356–360, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. B. Gutin, P. Barbeau, S. Owens et al., “Effects of exercise intensity on cardiovascular fitness, total body composition, and visceral adiposity of obese adolescents,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 75, no. 5, pp. 818–826, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. A. Ferguson, B. Gutin, N.-A. Le et al., “Effects of exercise training and its cessation on components of the insulin resistance syndrome in obese children,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 889–895, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  21. R. V. Luepker, C. L. Perry, S. M. McKinlay et al., “Outcomes of a field trial to improve children's dietary patterns and physical activity: the Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health (CATCH),” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 275, no. 10, pp. 768–776, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. N. F. Butte, E. Christiansen, and T. I. A. Sørensen, “Energy imbalance underlying the development of childhood obesity,” Obesity, vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 3056–3066, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. Y. C. Wang, S. L. Gortmaker, A. M. Sobol, and K. M. Kuntz, “Estimating the energy gap among US children: a counterfactual approach,” Pediatrics, vol. 118, no. 6, pp. e1721–e1733, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. W. A. Marshall, “Growth and maturity,” Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 517–518, 1969. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. W. A. Marshall and J. M. Tanner, “Variations in the pattern of pubertal changes in boys,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 45, no. 239, pp. 13–23, 1970. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. R. J. Kuczmarski, C. L. Ogden, L. M. Grummer-Strawn et al., “CDC growth charts: United States,” Advance Data, no. 314, pp. 1–27, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. D. A. Cunningham, B. M. Van Waterschoot, and D. H. Paterson, “Reliability and reproducibility of maximal oxygen uptake measurement in children,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 104–108, 1977. View at Google Scholar
  28. J. F. Sallis, P. R. Nader, S. L. Broyles et al., “Correlates of physical activity at home in mexican-american and anglo-american preschool children,” Health Psychology, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 390–398, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. P. Barbeau, M. H. Johnson, C. A. Howe et al., “Ten months of exercise improves general and visceral adiposity, bone, and fitness in black girls,” Obesity, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 2077–2085, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. R. M. Malina, C. Bouchard, and O. Bar-Or, Growth, Maturation, and Physical Activity, Human Kinetics, Champaign, Ill, USA, 2004.
  31. J. O. Hill, H. R. Wyatt, G. W. Reed, and J. C. Peters, “Obesity and the environment: where do we go from here?” Science, vol. 299, no. 5608, pp. 853–855, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. D. E. R. Warburton, C. W. Nicol, and S. S. D. Bredin, “Prescribing exercise as preventive therapy,” Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 174, no. 7, pp. 961–974, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. D. Moliner-Urdiales, J. R. Ruiz, F. B. Ortega et al., “Association of objectively assessed physical activity with total and central body fat in Spanish adolescents; The HELENA Study,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 33, no. 10, pp. 1126–1135, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. J. Dollman and T. S. Olds, “Secular changes in fatness and fat distribution in Australian children matched for body size,” International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 109–113, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. B. Gutin, N. Cucuzzo, S. Islam, C. Smith, and M. E. Stachura, “Physical training, lifestyle education, and coronary risk factors in obese girls,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 19–23, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. M. S. Litaker, P. Barbeau, M. C. Humphries, and B. Gutin, “Comparison of hologic QDR-1000/W and 4500W DXA scanners in 13- To 18-year olds,” Obesity Research, vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1545–1552, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, “Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Report,” Washington, DC, USA, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention & Health Promotion, pp. 15–20, U.S. GPO, Washington, DC, USA, 2008.
  38. J. F. Sallis and B. E. Saelens, “Assessment of physical activity by self-report: status, limitations, and future directions. Research quarterly for exercise and sport,” Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, vol. 71, supplement 2, pp. 1–14, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus