Journal of Obesity / 2011 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

Mindfulness Intervention for Stress Eating to Reduce Cortisol and Abdominal Fat among Overweight and Obese Women: An Exploratory Randomized Controlled Study

Table 1

Baseline characteristics of treatment and control participants.

VariableTreatment ( )aControl ( )a
MeanSDMeanSDP value

Weight (kg)84.4014.285.1714.7.86
Body mass index31.404.730.774.8.65
Waist circumference (cm)104.1410.9103.2211.6.78
Mindfulness-Act with Awareness2.650.42.790.4.24
Body Responsiveness3.650.
Wheaton Chronic Stress Inventory1.960.51.950.5.87
Perceived stress1.960.51.860.7.59
Restrained eating2.790.62.800.5.96
Emotional eating3.420.73.420.8.99
External-based eating3.570.53.500.5.64
Cortisol awakening response (nmol/L)6.728.
Cortisol slope (nmol/L)15.675.913.525.2.22
Serum morning cortisol (ln)
Abdominal fat, L2-L4 region (g)2238.81675.02002.78652.2.23
Trunk/leg fat mass ratio1.680.51.510.3.15

aVariables with missing values in the treatment group included the cortisol awakening response ( ) and cortisol slope ( ), and in the control group, the mindfulness and eating variables ( ), cortisol awakening response ( ), and cortisol slope ( ).